Chapter_4 notes - Chapter 4 - Carbon Although cells are...

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Although cells are 70–95% water, the rest consists mostly of carbon-based compounds All living organisms are made up of chemicals based mostly on the element carbon The versatility of carbon makes possible the great diversity of organic molecules Carbon is the backbone of biological molecules Carbon can form large, complex, and diverse molecules better than almost any other atom Organic chemistry – the study of compounds containing carbon Organic compounds range from simple molecules (methane CH 4 ) to colossal ones (proteins) Vitalism - the idea that organic compounds could arise only within living organisms Organic compounds were outside the jurisdiction of traditional chemical and physical laws because of a life force within them Was disproved when chemists synthesized organic compounds in the laboratory Mechanism is the view that all natural phenomena are governed by the same physical and chemical laws What makes carbon so versatile? Carbon has four valence electrons
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Chapter_4 notes - Chapter 4 - Carbon Although cells are...

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