Criminology

Criminology - August30,2011 18:19 Criminology 1.Whatiscrime o : Foracrimetooccur o 1.Needtogetcaught o 2.Prosecuted committed o I

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August 30, 2011 18:19 Criminology 1. What is crime? Define crime as being a violation of law o Therefore must understand law: its purpose and creation For a crime to occur: o 1. Need to get caught o 2. Prosecuted At what point and who is making the charge of a crime having been  committed?  o If violation of law is the only way to define a crime, a great majority of  people would be labeled criminal. Therefore there needs to be more.  Seven things we can use to define a crime: o 1. Harm committed to others Board stroke of harm; not just a physical damage to some one or  something; burglary, for example, is harmful from the knowledge that  someone has violated your space (psychologically traumatizing)  There’s a victim o 2. Legality  There’s a legal stance against it o 3. Actus Reus Guilty act o 4. Mens Rea Guilty mind; Ability to understand that the action is wrong
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o 5. Concurrence between Actus Reus and Mens Rea They have to happen together Differences between degrees of murder o 6. Case of Causation  An act that leads to the harm directly Temporal order, not necessarily immediate o 7. Punishment  Goes back to legality component She spent more than half the class going over what a crime is. Oh dear, oh dear. 
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18:19 2. Major crime classifications Uniform Crime Report (UCR)- also known as Index Crimes o These eight crimes are the crimes that most impact people when they  occur, they are the most feared o However, they are not the most committed crimes o The “crime rate” has been declining since the late 1990’s. Its now hard to  measure the rate because the national crime rate is so low.  o Violent crime (Personal) Threats of violence, actual violent acts, idea of dangerousness Types: Murder and non-negligent manslaughter Forcible rape Robbery Aggravated assault
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This note was uploaded on 09/16/2011 for the course SOC 2136 taught by Professor Christineeith during the Fall '11 term at GWU.

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Criminology - August30,2011 18:19 Criminology 1.Whatiscrime o : Foracrimetooccur o 1.Needtogetcaught o 2.Prosecuted committed o I

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