CC 301 - Lysias 1 - are useful and up—to—date com- rey...

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Unformatted text preview: are useful and up—to—date com- rey 198918 and by Edwards and 'the Corpus Lysiacum (Berkeley excellent survey of the evidence )rtant study of the quesrion of 3. Usher, “Lysias and His Cli— Studies 17 (1976): 31—40. Other . Bateman, “Some Aspects of (1962): 157—177; and 5. Usher, ,” Eranos 63 (1965): 99—119. The :ussed in some detail, if in pass— use of the Attic Orators,” Greece 4, 31, and 32. :r and covers Lys. 1, IO, 12, 16, 22, 24, l g E l l 1. ON THE DEATH OF ERATOSTHENES exam—xwees—9999:6—x—x—er—xwx—xAA~9e—x~oaw—x—9eerrye—er~x~wwn—oe INTRODUCTION At first sight, this appears to be a speech about adultery,‘ but in fact the case concerns homicide. Euphiletus, the speaker, has caught a man called Eratosthenes committing adultery with his wife and pleads justification for having killed him. Trials for justifiable homicide at Athens came before the court of the Delphinium, and it is possible (though not certain) that they were heard by a specialist panel of Ephetae, rather than by a regular dikastic court consisting of ordinary citizens selected by lot.2 As usual, we do not know the result of the case, but the speaker will be declared guiltless if the court decides in his favor. If they decide for his opponents (who are presumably the dead man’s relatives, as was normal in homicide cases), he will be con- victed of deliberate homicide and punished accordingly. Euphiletus cites three laws in his support (at 1.28, 1.30, and 1.31). IThere has been considerable dispute in recent scholarship (based partly on this speech) over the meaning of the Greek word moicbos. The most detailed treatment of the subject is by D. Cohen (Law, Sexuality and Society [Cambridge 1991], 98 —132), who argues that a moic/yos was strictly an “adulterer” (i.e., some— body who has sex with a married woman), and this view has won some support. Other scholars, however, have continued to believe that what mattered was the civic status of the woman (rather than whether she was married), and possibly whether the action was committed indoors. 2The speech does not make any obvious concessions to the legal sophistication of its hearers (there seems to be no expectation that they will see through the use of selective quotation at 1.32—33; cf. below, 11. 5), but this might mean that an ephetic as well as a dikastic court was liable to be taken in by this sort of argument. V _ . 60:0 :0::: :0 MESHE: :w:0:: :50: mi: :0 00:? K173: “:89: a“ HNttuxv :3330 2.3:: :w::0::< E b0:::< :5 0:3? 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Examine the affair in your own minds as follows. Ask yourselves if there had ever been any enmity between Eratosthenes and myself except for this. You will not find any. [44] He had not maliciously brought a public prosecu— tion against me, he had not tried to expel me from the city, he had not brought a private prosecution, and he did not know of any offense of mine that I would kill him for, out of fear that it would become public knowledge. And if I had succeeded, I had no hope of receiving any money (some people do admittedly plot the deaths of others for this purpose). [45] So far from there being any dispute or drunken brawl or other disagreement between us, I had never even seen the man before that night. What was I hoping for, then, by running so great a risk~—if I had not in reality suffered the most terrible of inju- ries at his hands? [46] And why did I commit this impious act after summoning witnesses, given that if I had wanted to make away with him illegally, I could have prevented them all from knowing about it? [47] So, gentlemen, I do not accept that this penalty was exacted privately on my own behalf. Instead, it was for the sake of the whole city. If men who commit this sort of oEense see the rewards that await such crimes, they will be less eager to commit them against other people—«provided they see you holding fast to the same opinion. [48] Otherwise, it would be much better to erase the existing laws and enact others, which would impose penalties on men who guard their own wives, and grant total impunity to those who commit offenses against married women. [49] It would be far more just to do this than to let citizens be trapped by the laws: for the laws instruct the man who catches an adulterer to treat him in any way he pleases, whereas the court turns out to be far more dangerous to the victims than to the men who break the law and dishonor other people’s wives. [so] For I am now on trial for my life, my property, and everything else—simply because I obeyed the laws of the city. 2. FUNERAL SP} m—x—x—%—x~x—x~—x—x~x—x—< INTRODUCTION Thucydides reports th annual ceremony those 1 commissioning a leading their honor (Thuc. 2.34), mous through the speech the mouth of Pericles at 1 War in 431/0 BC (Thuc. : lent speech delivered dui This war had broken on Spartan allies Corinth, A and was to drag on unti of Persia and settled the : Virtually all of Lysias some may not actually h: fully preserved speeches with a lawcourt.1 The 51 corpus, but this may be : to the genre of funeral s speeches,2 and they havn 1Lys. 8 is the other one lawcourt, but they are presei nassus. Dionysius’ difficulti cussed in the Introduction ti 2Apart from this speech, cydides (above); a short frag ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/16/2011 for the course CC 301 taught by Professor Bolmarich during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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CC 301 - Lysias 1 - are useful and up—to—date com- rey...

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