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Unformatted text preview: WEEK 1: INTRODUCTION TO GREECE (8/29) Physical Setting within the Mediterranean Aristotle: "The Greek people occupy an intermediate geographical position." Greece and the Aegean sea to the east of mainland Greece and north of Crete Plato's Socrates: "We sit like frogs around a pond." topographical features: mountains: Mt. Olympus , Mt. Hymettus covered 75% of mainland Greece rivers did not have any major rivers, most were very small plains 25% of mainland Greece was fertile farmland islands many small islands off the coast, Crete being one of the bigger ones and home to the Minoans harbors: coastline, Piraeus Greece is full of excellent natural harbors climate/weather Long, hot, dry summers, cool winters with sudden down pours The Political Effects of the Physical settlement patterns: e. g., acropoleis ( Acropolis , Acrocorinth ) communication Limited because of the mountains and the sea. Pre-History Stone Age peoples hunter gathers that followed their prey growth of agriculture and technology, specialization of labor hunter gathers turned into farmers Greece ca. 2200 BC Periods in Greek History Bronze Age (Minoan/Mycenaean): ca. 2200-1000 BC The Dark Ages (1000-750 BC) The Archaic Age (750-479 BC) The Classical Age (479-323 BC) The Hellenistic Age (323-146 BC) Why Study Greece? the history of the West the fragility of the past fires are destroying excavation sites and their artifacts forever Questions to keep in mind: Why have the Greeks had such a hold over Western history and civilization? What made the Greeks unique? Why is it their culture that has had such an impact? What were their contributions, and how have they been passed down to us? What would life today be if ancient Greece had never existed? WEEK 1: THE MINOANS (8/31) Prequel: the Neolithic Age Sesklo , Dimini , Petralona Cave, Caves of Diros first settlements of modern day Greece (ca. 6500-4500) technology and resources very primitive at this time, but will evolve. Slowly growing into a civilization Second Prequel: the history of modern archaeology and Heinrich Schliemann led first archeological dig, but did not have a very good procedure and damaged a lot of artifacts pre-archaeology in Greece the excavation of Troy first found and excavated by Heinrich Schliemann problems of methodology: excavation techniques , personal gain A Land Called Crete The Minoans are not considered Greek major palaces: Phaistos , Knossos (very large palace), Agia Triada , Gournia, Malia, Kato Zakro Everything evolved around palaces and their port cities non-palace sites: Kavousi, Mochlos , Kommos chronology: Prepalatial (7000-2000 BC) without Minoans Palatial (2000-1470 BC) Minoans palaces built Postpalatial (1470-1000 BC) downfall of palaces Characteristics of Minoan Civilization Wealth concentrated with the kings who then redistributed it, but still remained wealthy literacy: Linear A script ( Phaistos disk , tablet ) written language, not early Greek naval , thalassocratic (power over the sea, naval power), but also agricultural trading society not a warrior culture hierarchical society: the role of the king...
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