HIS 315K - Completed Multiple Choice Study Guide

HIS 315K - Completed Multiple Choice Study Guide -...

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Final Exam Study Guide for Hist. 315k  (Multiple choice study guide only)  Study guidelines for the multiple choice questions:     If you can identify (who, what, when, why, and significance) the following, you  should be able to correctly answer the multiple choice questions: 1.Paleo-Indians : Who- the ancient peoples of the Americas who were present at the end of the last Ice Age. The prefix "paleo" comes from the Greek palaios meaning "ancient", and refers to the Upper Paleolithic time period. The best known of these peoples were part of the Clovis culture. However, evidence of several pre-Clovis Paleo-Indian cultures also exists. What- believed to be the first people to have inhabited a large number of areas in the Americas, though there is now some doubt as to whether they were the first inhabitants of the continent as a whole. The current prevailing theory postulates that Paleo-Indians entered the Americas from Asia via a land bridge (Bering) connecting eastern Siberia with present-day Alaska when sea levels were significantly lower because of widespread glaciation between about 15,000 to 35,000 years ago. However, evidence suggestive of even earlier human occupation in South America at sites like Monte Verde in Chile (35,000 years), or in North America at Topper (50,000 years ago), have generated an alternative theory that Paleo-Indians, or at least some groups of them, may have come from the Pacific Islands or mainland Asia by watercraft. When- between about 15,000 to 35,000 years ago. Where- North America Why- They hunted a type of huge sloth, a type of bison and camels whose following of animal migrations dictated where they camped. They were basically following their prey around North America 2.Protestant Reformation: Who-Martin Luther, Protestants What- nailing of Ninety-Five Theses on the door of the Wittenberg church, criticizing the Catholic church and the Pope When- 1517, (October 31, 1517 Saxony---Nailing of Ninety-Five Theses) Where- Europe, Saxony Why- reformation against Catholic church and its malpractices, particularly involving the teaching and sale or indulgences. Also buying church positions even reaching the position of the Pope 3.English Reformation: Who: Henry VIII What: a reformation caused by mainly political reasons When : 1534 Where : England Why : when the pope refused to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, Henry broke with Rome and placed himself at the head of the national Church of England. The significance of the English Reformation would have an impact in many years to come. It would eventually lead to civil war between the catholics and protestants Queen Mary, Henry's eldest, would rule as a Catholic leader and kill many protestants in her effort to rid the country, however after her death her younger sister Elizabeth would rule as a protestant and lead the country into a time of great enlightenment
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4.New Spain: Who- Spanish adventurers and explorers, prompted by the Spanish royalty and cultural idealism of
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HIS 315K - Completed Multiple Choice Study Guide -...

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