HIS 315K - Lecture Outline from 829 to Present

HIS 315K - Lecture Outline from 829 to Present -...

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Early,  Early,  America Ice Age, 75,000 years ago  Berengia  migrated over to get to Alaska started circa 30,000 years ago Paleo-Indians  those who migrated over Berengia Migrations  They migrated to follow their prey Earth warming Clovis peoples, circa 10,000 BCE  Clovis pertaining to paleo-Indians that inhabited the southwest Peopling the Americas, circa 8000 BCE  Paleo-Indians inhabited all of the americas Technologies Diverse cultures Neolithic Revolution (farming) Middle East, 11, 000 years ago Mesoamerica, 10,000 years ago Major Farming Communities of Western Hemisphere Central America Mayan Toltec/Aztec Eastern Woodlands Indians:  Adena, Hopewell, Mississippian 15 th  century: Western Hemisphere population comparable to Europe Several hundred distinct language groups Several civilizations had already risen and fallen Not much different from Europe in some senses European Discovery of Western Hemisphere European Explorations of 15 th  c:  WHY?  HOW?
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Population pressures Shorter route to East  wealth for a cheaper trip to trade, Northwest Passage New sailing and navigational technology Renaissance learning and curiosity  could Christianize savages Consolidation of European monarchies  Monarchies were stable and there was a rivalry between them Columbus  sponsored by Isabella and Ferdinand Spain -->  New Spain (Aztecs, 1521; Incas, 1535)  Cortez - Aztecs, Pizarro - Incas Gold  Cortez found gold Colonization Late 16 th  century exploration in US Southwest Disease  Europeans brought disease and it decimated the native population Defeat of Spanish Armada, 1588  England defeated the European power France -->  New France  second to the new world Fur Trade, Quebec  traded with the natives, wanted to monopolize fur trade River explorations, expansion of trade, settlements  still looking for Northwest passage Defeat of Iroquois, 1665 Louisiana Dutch -->  New Netherlands  third to new world Delaware Bay, Hudson River, Henry Hudson  hire Hudson to explore new world New Amsterdam, 1624 The Protestant Reformation and  The English Reformation Definition  a reform of the Roman Catholic Church
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Background:  late-medieval Europe  people started to criticize the Roman Catholic Church because they were too political and corrupt. During The Great Schism there were two Popes each claiming to be the true Pope, this continued for some time because they both wanted power Martin Luther (1483-1546)  a leader in the Protestant Reformation and a German Monk 95 Theses  95 issues he thought should be reformed, challenged doctrines and salvation Religious Authority  The bible is the highest authority not the leaders of the church
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2011 for the course HIS 315K taught by Professor Matttribbe during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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HIS 315K - Lecture Outline from 829 to Present -...

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