E 316K - Geoffrey Chaucer

E 316K - Geoffrey Chaucer - Geoffrey Chaucer(c 1343-1400...

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Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343-1400) Born in London, son of John Chaucer (1312- 1368), a wealthy vintner Served the king’s son, Lionel, in Edward III’s war against France; taken prisoner in 1359 and ramsoned In 1366 married Philipp, sister of John of Gaunt’s third wife; Gaunt’s patronage (Gaunt was Edward III’s third son) enabled Chaucer to pursue a career at court Chaucer made several diplomatic journeys to the continent, where he encountered the work of both French and Italian Renassiance poets, such as Dante, Petrarch, and Boccaccio Appointed in 1374 to the lucrative post of controller of customs in the port of London; he was knight of the shire for Kent in 1386 and sat in Parliament Served as deputy forester in the King’s forest at Petherton, Somerset (1391-1398) Died in 1400 and is buried in Poet’s Corner in Westminster Abbey
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Chaucer’s Works Chaucer mastered a variety of literary styles and genres Chaucer’s first major work, The Book of the Duchess (1370), written for John of Gaunt on the death of his young wife, is a highly stylized elegaic romance in the French dream vision tradition of Machaut and Froissart This tradition derives from the thirteenth- century Roman de la Rose , a dream allegory in which the dreamer/lover suffers melancholia and other tribulations for the love of a symbolic rosebud/virgin Chaucer’s three great extended poems, The House of Fame , The Parliament of Fowls , and Troilus and Criseyde are based on Italian models, exploring the nature of love at different levels of society Chaucer also wrote religious and moral works and translated from Latin into Middle English Boethius’s immensely influential piece of neo-Platonism, The Consolation of Philosophy (sixth century)
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E 316K - Geoffrey Chaucer - Geoffrey Chaucer(c 1343-1400...

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