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Unformatted text preview: Continuous systems . visualized easily and ally mathematic simple : vibration transverse in string a analyzing by begin will We media. structural the throughout d distribute are properties elastic and inertial springs, and masses discrete of instead systems, parameter) ed (distribut continuous In ones. discrete than rather freedom of degrees are there so , e.g., time, as well as position spatial of functions continuous become nts Displaceme n t x u ) , ( String analysis y(x, t) x f(x,t)=force/le ngth L dx t x y x T t dx x y dx x T t x f t x y x A dx dx dx ) , ( ) ( ) , ( ) ( lim ) , ( ) , ( ) ( lim  + + + = : take , by Divide x A T vary with could h mass/lengt tension = = : dx length of element Consider T(x+d x) d x f(x,t) dx T( x) ) , ( ) ( ) , ( ) ( ) , ( ) ( ) , ( t x y dx x A t dx x y dx x T t x y x T dx t x f F y = + + +  = ) constant. is ( ) ( x T F x = ( 29 L x t x y x T x t x f t x y x A < < + = , ) , ( ) ( ) , ( ) , ( ) ( : (PDE) equation al differenti partial a gives This L x y T f y A < < + = , ) ( : compactly More ) (like : form standard to Rearranged F kx x m L x f y T y A = + < < =  , ) ( ) in order (2nd or : ICs and ) in order (2nd : BCs need we (BVP), problem value boundary For t x v x y x y x y x y x t L y t y ) ( ) ( ) , ( ), ( ) , ( ) , ( , ) , ( = = = = An analogous system f(x,t)=force/le ngth u(x, t) x x x A x EA vary with h mass/lengt rigidity axial = = ) ( ) ( : dx length of element Consider f(x,t) dx P(x+dx ,t) P(x, t) ) , ( ) ( ) , ( ) , ( ) , ( t x u dx x A t dx x P t x P dx t x f F x = + + = x u x EA x u u x EA A E A t x P x x x =  = = = + ) ( ) ( ) ( ) , ( dx t x u x EA t dx x u dx x EA t x f t x u x A dx dx dx ) , ( ) ( ) , ( ) ( lim ) , ( ) , ( ) ( lim  + + + = : take , by Divide : vibration axial in Rod ( 29 L x t x u x EA x t x f t x u x A < < + = , ) , ( ) ( ) , ( ) , ( ) ( : PDE L x u EA f u A < < + = , ) ( : compactly More ) (like : form standard to Rearranged F kx x m L x f u EA u A = + < < = ...
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