Paper-Lecture49 - Phosphorus Influence on Growth and...

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J. W. Call, J. E. Butcher, J. T. Blake, R. A. Smart and J. L. Shupe Cattle Phosphorus Influence on Growth and Reproduction of Beef 1978. 47:216-225. J Anim Sci http://jas.fass.org services, is located on the World Wide Web at: The online version of this article, along with updated information and www.asas.org at University of Florida on April 14, 2008. jas.fass.org Downloaded from permission. Copyright © 1978 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved. For personal use only. No other uses without
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PHOSPHORUS INFLUENCE ON GROWTH AND REPRODUCTION OF BEEF CATTLE J. W. Call, J. E. Butcher, J. T. Blake, R. A. Smart and J. L. Shupe ~ Utah State University Logan, 84322 SUMMARY Ninety-six 7-month-old Hereford heifers (two replicates of 48, one year apart) were individually fed for 2 years a basal ration containing .14% phosphorus on an "as fed" basis, which approxiamted 66% NRC recommendations. Forty-eight of the animals were limited to this low phosphorus (P-) diet. The other 48 (P+) received sufficient monosodium phosphate, top dressed on the basal ration, to elevate phosphorus intake to .36% on an "as fed" basis (174% NRC recommendations). The average daily weight gain for all groups was .45 kg. Feed efficiency was similar for the two groups. There was no evidence of lack of appetite or depraved appetite in either group; nor was there a difference in age of puberty. The P- cattle had a 96% pregnancy rate with 91% live calves compared to 100% and 93%, respectively, for the P+ cattle. These differences were not significant. After 9 months on trial (approximately 16 months of age) no difference in rib bone morphology was discernable from microradio- graphs. Blood and serum levels of phosphorus temporarily increased in the P+ cattle, but at 16 months of age were comparable to the less fluctuating values in the P- cattle. The phosphorus levels for bone and muscle were similar each year and for each treatment. Urine and fecal phosphorus excretion was significantly higher in the P+ than in the P- cattle. (Key Words: Phosphorus, Nutrition, Reproduction, Growth, Bone Morphology, Beef Cattle.) JAnimal, Dairy and Veterinary Sciences Department, College of Agriculture, Utah State Agricultural Experiment Station, Utah State University, Logan, 84322. Journal Paper No. 2167. Additional support funds from USDA, ARS and Four Corners Regional Commission; materials grants from Leslie Foods Inc., International Minerals and Chemicals Corp., and Diamond-shamrock Chemical Co.; analytical monitoring by Ralston Purina Co. and Intermountain Laboratory Inc.; contributions from Western Regional Research 112. INTRODUCTION Phosphorus in the ruminant diet was researched by Theiler et ak (1928) and by several other scientists during the early thirties (Eckles et al., 1932, 1935; Henderson and Weakly, 1930; Kleiber 1936; Theiler and Green, 1932). Aphosphorosis in catle is reported to he widespread and phosphorus supplementation is a common practice. Many scientists have associated reduced reproductive performance with a phosphorus- deficient diet. Ovarian dysfunction and reduced fertility in cattle were reported by Hignett and Hignett, 1951; Short and Bellows, 1971; Theiler et al.,
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Paper-Lecture49 - Phosphorus Influence on Growth and...

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