CMN105 Notes MT1

CMN105 Notes MT1 - CMN 105 Section I Lecture Notes What we...

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CMN 105: Section I Lecture Notes What we learn in 105 The nature of language . The quality and character of symbolic expression and the relationship between symbolic expression and meaning, meaning and action. The functions of language . The “work” language does for us. How we use language to fulfill intentions and to achieve practical and social goals. The pitfalls and challenge of symbolic expression . How language can be ambiguous, misleading, and reinforcing of inaccurate assumptions. How we as receivers can be more critical consumers of language and how senders can be more precise, accurate, and trustworthy in their language use. How language influences and reflects social change . The role of communication in changing (or maintaining) the status quo. The miracle of language We come to appreciate the incredible power of language in shaping everything we call human experience. Semantics and Pragmatics : The study of how we acquire meaning through linguistic knowledge (Semantics) and context (Pragmatics). Semantics is influenced by Linguistics and Pragmatics by Philosophy. Two broad types of meaning sources in life: 1) Direct/sensory Everything that we perceive first hand through the senses. a. Signs: symbolic meaning vehicles (coyote tracks, clouds, fingerprints) 2) Signs: unintentional meaning vehicles Everything we perceive through the use of symbols. a. Symbols: intentional meaning vehicles_ meaning vehicles (Language as a shared code) We sometime confuse the symbolic from the non-symbolic. Language and Communication o The goal of communication is shared meaning . o Language is one vehicle we use to create shared meaning. o We are meaning-seeking creatures . o We often have a strong social and evolutionary drive to express our private meanings to others. Meaning in the transmission of a message: Intended meaning . The speaker intends to express or convey something specific. Significative meaning . The meaning that is transferred through our shared symbolic code. Content meaning . Some combination of _Conceptual _, _emotive_, and _active_ meanings to form the content of what is said. 1
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Interpreted meaning__ The act of receiving and interpreting (making sense of) the symbols presented by a speaker or writer. Denotative meaning . The logical , agreed-upon relationship meaning. The dictionary definition. Connotative meaning . The psychological , idiosyncratic meaning. Principles of Language 1. _Language is a system of reference We use words to refer to : Things we directly experience. Things we have directly experienced that are not present in the room. Things we directly experience but are not concrete. Things that used to exist but no longer do.
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CMN105 Notes MT1 - CMN 105 Section I Lecture Notes What we...

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