econ 80a lecture 14 - HIRSCHMAN: CENTRAL THESIS Modes of...

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HIRSCHMAN: CENTRAL THESIS Modes of thought rather than "why" we think the way we do. He does the analysis over three centuries of "human progress" centered around 1)civil 18 th century, 2) political 19 th , and 3) social improvements 20 th in the development of "enlightened societies." These developments were not met without resistance. ...centering in three kinds of argument ---PERVERSITY ---FUTILITY ---JEOPARDY PERVERSITY in the 18th century French revolution argument quoting Schiller (1793) The attempt of the French people to install the holy Rights of Man and to conquer political liberty has only brought to light its impotence and unworthiness in this regard; the result has been that not just this unhappy people, but alongside it a considerable part of Europe and a whole century have been thrown back into barbarism and servitude. Edmund Burke .The history of the French Revolution constitutes a proof, administered continuously over thirty years, that man, acting by himself and without religion, is unable to break any chains that oppress him without sinking in the process into still deeper slavery. these types of critiques had their intellectual origin in the Scottish Enlightenment. ..Adam Smiths notion of the unintended consequences of human action. ..a reversal of the "invisible hand" argument. ... similar arguments against universal suffrage. .. Burke again. ..The occupation of a hairdresser, or of a working tallow chandler cannot be a matter of honor to any person. say nothing of a number of other more servile employments. ..The state suffers oppression if such as they. ..are permitted to rule. ..
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1884 arguments in parliament to the effect that universal suffrage likely to have disastrous consequences since: parliamentary democracy fosters a tendency toward ever more public spending in response to the pressure of sectional interests. ...and democracy will in fact turn into bureaucracy with ever increasing rules and limitations. ... [SUCH ARGUMENTS NOT UNLIKE CONTEMPORARY PUBLIC CHOICE THEORISTS TODAY. ..AND ARGUMENT HAS SPECIAL FORCE TODAY IN THE AREA OF POVERTY AND THE WELFARE STATE. ...] any interference with the market will have undesirable consequences. ..minimum wages. ...welfare. ... quoting from 19th century debates on the POOR LAWS The Poor-laws were intended to prevent mendicants; they have made mendicancy a legal profession; they were established in the spirit of a noble and sublime provision, which contained all the theory of Virtue; they have produced all the consequences of Vice. ..The Poor-Laws, formed to relieve the distressed, have been the arch-creator of distress. ... Charles Murray. Losing Ground We tried to provide more for the poor and produced more poor instead. We tried to remove the barriers to escape from poverty and inadvertently built a trap. Hirschman suggests that Murray's new idea seems so only because (as
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This note was uploaded on 09/18/2011 for the course ECON 80a taught by Professor Kaun,d during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Santa Cruz.

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econ 80a lecture 14 - HIRSCHMAN: CENTRAL THESIS Modes of...

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