Lecture_week_2

Lecture_week_2 - Lectures Week 2 January 11-15 2011 1...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lectures Week 2, January 11-15, 2011 1. Arabia before Muhammad a. a desert surrounded by fertile land b. Tribal pastoral nomads, surrounded to the North and East by the great Mediterranean civilizations c. Those bands always a nuisance to settled lands, never a threat. d. Occasionally Romans or Persians attempt to take control of Arabia, with very limited success. e. Few permanent settlements, agriculture only in oases such as Yathrib. f. Polytheistic religion, major shrine the Ka’aba in Mecca. g. Some familiarity with Judaism and Christianity and some interest. h. The Koran mentions “hanifs” – saintly men who are “neither Jews nor Christians” who were associated with monotheism. 2. Mecca a. Mecca is a town in the Hijaz, the coastal region of northeast Arabia. b. It lies in an extremely arid region, not in an oasis, and had very little agriculture. c. In the time of Muhammad it is small, and relatively poor, made up mostly of mud huts. d. But it is already a holy city. e. Mecca is home to the Ka’aba – a holy stone, the Zamzam spring, and the shrine around them. f. It is an important site of pilgrimage long before Islam. g. The main occupation of the inhabitants is trade, in caravans from Yemen and beyond to Syria, Palestine, and Mesopotamia g. The dominant tribe of Mecca are the Quraysh, who are (according to tradition) the guardians of the Ka’aba. f. Their founder is Qusayy, 5 generations before Muhammad
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern