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Unformatted text preview: A point for discussion A point for discussion Bono…“Pop music often tells you everything is ok, while rock music tells you that it’s not ok, but you can change it” Post WW II England Post WW II England The “Mods”(modernists) ­ lower class yet very trendy, nice suits, short hair, scooters: Pete Townshend (The Who) was one. The “Rockers” (patterned after “Teddys” who were more violent criminals) also poor and lower class ­ greasy hair, leather jackets, sunglasses, tight pants, motorcycles: The Beatles were Rockers English teens were not as well off as their American counterparts. The rubble and devastation of WW II was still strong in the fifties. There was rationing until 1954. The two major groups, “gangs”, provided identity and strength. There were sometimes violent skirmishes between the two groups England II England II After WW II rock and R&B were instantly popular The end of the 50’s was a low period for U.S. rock (Elvis in the army, Chuck Berry in jail, Buddy Holly dead) The English loved American blues and R&B. Their covers of that music were faithful to the original in style and feel. They played the songs out of love and respect and not to make enormous amounts of money from it. Pre­”invasion” English Music Pre­”invasion” English Music Skiffle ­ a mixture of Dixieland jazz and country blues …Lonnie Donegan ­ “Rock Island Line” ­ influence on all the British musicians Along with skiffle music American blues and R&B music was a major influence By 1963 there were 300 bands in Liverpool, a tough seaport city of 500,000 (roughly the population of Sacramento) including The Searchers, Gerry and The Pacemakers, The Beatles, Billy J Kramer The Beatles 1960­70 The Beatles 1960­70 Formed in1959 as the Quarrymen, then Johnny and The Moondogs, then The Silver Beatles and finally The Beatles Rowdy tough teens…Lennon­abandoned by parents…McCartney­son of a cotton salesman…Harrison­son of a bus driver… Starr­father abandoned the family, mother a barmaid The final line up was John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. The Beatles: Main LP’s ’63­’70 The Beatles: Main LP’s ’63­’70 Please Please Me March, 1963 (UK) Introducing the Beatles July, 1963 (USA) With the Beatles November, 1963 (UK) Meet the Beatles! January, 1964 (USA) The Beatles Second Album April, 1964 (USA) A Hard Day’s Night June, 1964 Something Sweet July, 1964 Ain’t She Sweet July, 1964 Beatles For Sale January, 1965 (UK) Beatles ’65 January, (USA) Early Beatles March, 1965 Beatles VI June, 1965 Help! August, 1965 (next) More pre invasion groups that lasted More pre invasion groups that lasted Groups that espoused the “Mersey Sound” from other parts of England ­ Freddie and the Dreamers­“I’m Telling You Now” The Hollies ­ “Stay” with Graham Nash, later of Crosby, Stills and Nash Herman’s Hermits ­ “I’m into Something Good” Dave Clark Five ­ “Glad All Over” serious rivals to the Beatles The Beatles: Main LP’s ’63­’70 The Beatles: Main LP’s ’63­’70 Rubber Soul December, 1965 Yesterday and Today June, 1966 Revolver August,1966 Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band­ June,1967 Magical Mystery Tour ­ November, 1967 The Beatles ­ November, 1968 Yellow Submarine ­ February, 1969 Abbey Road ­ Sept.­Oct., 1969 Let It Be ­ May, 1970 Blues, bad boys and Blues, bad boys and The Rolling Stones Mid 1963­Brian Jones d.’69,(replaced with Mick Taylor succeeded by Ron Wood in ’74), Mick Jagger and Keith Richards formed the Rolling Stones (named after a Muddy Waters song) Charlie Watts (drums) and Bill Wyman (bass) who was replaced by Darryl Jones in ‘91 joined them at the end of the year In June ’63 they appeared in checkered suits but their manager soon turned them into the anti­Beatles More Stones More Stones The Beatles recommended the Stones to future manager Andrew Loog Oldham. Oldham had pianist and original band member Ian Stewart removed from the Oldham official lineup for his less than teen idol appeal. Stewart continued to record and perform with the Stones until his death in 1985 perform “Tell Me” - first single written by Jagger/Richards to be released Mick Taylor and Keith Richards The Beach Boys Part Deux The Beach Boys Part Deux Brian Wilson’s response to Beatlemania and Rubber Soul in particular “Pet Sounds” ­ May 1966 Voted #2 on the greatest albums of all time by Rolling Stone Magazine (right behind Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band by The Beatles Influences and Beatles and Rolling Stones Influences and Beatles and Rolling Stones Delta Blues Chicago R&B Chuck Berry Buddy Holly Everly Brothers Skiffle/Folk Rolling Stones Hard Rock Heavy Metal Grunge Beatles Progressive Rock Acid Rock Alternative Beach Boys Beach Boys Lush arrangements Eclectic instrumentation Recording advances Avant ­garde sections Multi layered vocals Early 60’s American rock bands Early 60’s American rock bands The Young Rascals ­ “Good Lovin’” Tommy James and the Shondells ­ “Mony, Mony” Frankie Valli & the Four Seasons ­ “Sherry”, “Walk Like a Man” Mitch Ryder and The Detroit Wheels ­ “Devil With a Blue Dress On” The Association ­ “Cherish” The Turtles ­ _”Happy Together”, “She’d Rather Be With Me” Credence Clearwater Revival Credence Clearwater Revival California band Sometimes seemed out of the loop by being against drug use and having short well crafted songs (as opposed to other “hippy” bands) Green River Green River Creedence Clearwater Revival Well, take me back down where cool waters flow, yeah. Let me remember the things I love. Stoppin' at the log where catfish bite, Walkin' along the river road at night, Barefoot girls, dancin' in the moonlight I can hear the bullfrog callin' me, y'all. Wonder if my rope's still hanging from the tree. Love to kick my feet way down the shallow water, Shoefly, dragonfly, get back to your mother. Pick up a flat rock, skip it across Green River. Up at Cody's camp I spent my days, oh. With flat car riders and cross-tie walkers. Old Cody, Junior took me over, Said, "You're gonna find the world is smould'rin." And if you get lost, come on home to Green River. Written by John Fogerty & originally performed by Creedence Clearwater Written by John Fogerty & originally performed by Creedence Clearwater Revival (John Fogerty, Tom Fogerty, Stu Cook, Doug "Cosmo" Clifford The band was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 1993 The song was the 4th Top 40 hit for CCR, reaching #2 on the charts in 1969 From an interview with Tom Fogerty ­ "Green River" is really about this place where I used to go as a kid on Putah Creek, near Winters, California. I went there with my family every year until I was ten. Lot of happy memories there. I learned how to swim there. There was a rope hanging from the tree. Certainly dragonflies, bullfrogs. There was a little cabin we would stay in owned by a descendant of Buffalo Bill Cody. That's the reference in the song to Cody Jr. The actual specific reference, "Green River," I got from a soda pop­syrup label. You used to be able to go into a soda fountain, and they had these bottles of flavored syrup. My flavor was called Green River. It was green, lime flavored, and they would empty some out over some ice and pour some of that soda water on it, and you had yourself a Green River. "Flat Car Riders" & "Cross Tie Walkers" are hobos who used to ride the rails. The Monkees The Monkees Assembled in “65 by Don Kirshner TV show ran from ‘66 to ’68 “Last Train to Clarksville”, “I’m a Beleiver” Didn’t play on their recordings The show was modeled after the Beatles’ movies “Help”, and “A Hard Day’s Night” Mickey Dolenz, Peter Tork, Davy Jones and Michael Nesmith Folk­Rock Dylan meets the Beatles ­ generally characterized by tight, often harmonized vocals The Byrds “Mr. Tambourine Man” ‘65 The Lovin’ Spoonful ”Do You Believe In Magic” ‘65 The Mamas and the Papas­”California Dreamin’” ‘65 Simon and Garfunkel “Sounds of Silence” ‘66 Barry McGuire­ “Eve of Destruction” “65 Buffalo Springfield­ “For What It’s Worth” Jan’67 Crosby, Stills and Nash­”Carry On” ‘70 Sonny and Cher (Yep, that’s right!)­ “I Got You Babe”’65 #1 single Generally characterized by tight, often harmonized vocals Creeque Alley ­1970­Mamas and the Creeque Alley ­ Papas John and Mitchie were gettin' kinda itchie just to leave the folk music behind Zal and Denny workin' for a penny tryin' to get a fish on the line In a coffee house Sebastian sat and after every number they passed the hat McGuinn and McGuire just are gettin' higher in L.A. you know where that's at And no one's getting fat except Mama Cass. Zallie said 'Denny, you know there aren't many who can sing a song the way that you do' (Let's go South) Denny said 'Zallie, golly, don't you think that I wish I could play guitar like you' Zal, Denny and Sebastian sat (at the Night Owl) And after every number they passed the hat McGuinn and McGuire just are gettin' higher in L.A. you know where that's at And no one's getting fat except Mama Cass. When Cass was a Sophomore, planned to go to Swarthmore, But she changed her mind one day Standign on the turnpike, thumb out to hitchhike, Take her to New York right away When Denny met Cass he gave her love bumps Call John and Zal, and that was the Mugwumps McGuinn and McGuire couldn't get no higher but that's what they were aiming at And no one's getting fat except Mama Cass. Creeque Alley Pt.2 Creeque Alley Pt.2 Mugwumps, hi­jumps, low slumps, big bumps, don't you work as hard as you play Drink­up, break­up, everything is shake­up Guess it had to be that way Sebastian and Zal formed the Spoonful Michelle, John and Denny gettin' very tuneful McGuinn and McGuire just are catchin' fire in L.A. you know where that's at And everybody's gettin' fast except Mama Cass. Broke, busted, disgusted, agents can't be trusted, and Mitchie wants to go to the sea Cass can't make it, she says we'll have to fake it We knew she'd come eventually Greasin' on American Express card Tents, low rents, and keepin' out the heat's hard Duffy's good vibrations, and our imaginations, can't go on indefinitely And California Dreaming is becoming a reality. Eve of Destruction Barry McGuire 1965 Eve of Destruction The eastern world it tis explodin', violence flarin', bullets loadin', you're old enough to kill but not for votin', you don't believe in war, what's that gun you're totin', and even the Jordan river has bodies floatin', but you tell me over and over and over again my friend, ah, you don't believe we're on the eve of destruction. Don't you understand, what I'm trying to say? Can't you see the fear that I'm feeling today? If the button is pushed, there's no running away, There'll be noone to save with the world in a grave, take a look around you, boy, it's bound to scare you, boy, but you tell me over and over and over again my friend, ah, you don't believe we're on the eve of destruction. Yeah, my blood's so mad, feels like coagulatin', I'm sittin' here, just contemplatin', I can't twist the truth, it knows no regulation, handful of Senators don't pass legislation, and marches alone can't bring integration, when human respect is disintegratin', this whole crazy world is just too frustratin', and you tell me over and over and over again my friend, ah, you don't believe we're on the eve of destruction. Think of all the hate there is in Red China! Then take a look around to Selma, Alabama! Ah, you may leave here, for four days in space, but when you return, it's the same old place, the poundin' of the drums, the pride and disgrace, you can bury your dead, but don't leave a trace, hate your next­door­neighbour, but don't forget to say grace, and you tell me over and over and over and over again my friend, ah, you don't believe we're on the eve of destruction. Bob Dylan Bob Dylan Born Robert Zimmerman in Duluth, Minnesota on May 24, 1941 Major figure in popular music for five decades Influenced artists from the Beatles to Sheryl Crow At 65, Dylan became the oldest, still­living musician to top the Billboard albums chart. Dylan covers Dylan covers Blowin’ in the Wind (ca. 70 covers) Chad Mitchell Trio, The Kingston Trio, Odetta, Spike Jones, Lena Horne, Cher, Stevie Wonder Don’t Think Twice, It’s All Right (40), It Ain’t Me Babe (12) Mr. Tambourine Man (15) (William Shatner) The Times They Are a­Changin’ (10) Tomorrow Is a Long Time (10) And undoubtedly others A Hard Rain’s Gonna Fall (from The A Hard Rain’s Gonna Fall Freewheeling Bob Dylan 1963) Oh, where have you been, my blue­eyed son? Oh, where have you been, my darling young one? I've stumbled on the side of twelve misty mountains, I've walked and I've crawled on six crooked highways, I've stepped in the middle of seven sad forests, I've been out in front of a dozen dead oceans, I've been ten thousand miles in the mouth of a graveyard, And it's a hard, and it's a hard, it's a hard, and it's a hard, And it's a hard rain's a­gonna fall. Oh, what did you see, my blue­eyed son? Oh, what did you see, my darling young one? I saw a newborn baby with wild wolves all around it I saw a highway of diamonds with nobody on it, I saw a black branch with blood that kept drippin', I saw a room full of men with their hammers a­bleedin', I saw a white ladder all covered with water, I saw ten thousand talkers whose tongues were all broken, I saw guns and sharp swords in the hands of young children, And it's a hard, and it's a hard, it's a hard, it's a hard, And it's a hard rain's a­gonna fall. And what did you hear, my blue­eyed son? And what did you hear, my darling young one? I heard the sound of a thunder, it roared out a warnin', Heard the roar of a wave that could drown the whole world, Heard one hundred drummers whose hands were a­blazin', Heard ten thousand whisperin' and nobody listenin', Heard one person starve, I heard many people laughin', Heard the song of a poet who died in the gutter, Heard the sound of a clown who cried in the alley, And it's a hard, and it's a hard, it's a hard, it's a hard, And it's a hard rain's a­gonna fall. Oh, who did you meet, my blue­eyed son? Who did you meet, my darling young one? I met a young child beside a dead pony, I met a white man who walked a black dog, I met a young woman whose body was burning, I met a young girl, she gave me a rainbow, I met one man who was wounded in love, I met another man who was wounded with hatred, And it's a hard, it's a hard, it's a hard, it's a hard, It's a hard rain's a­gonna fall. Oh, what'll you do now, my blue­eyed son? Oh, what'll you do now, my darling young one? I'm a­goin' back out 'fore the rain starts a­fallin', I'll walk to the depths of the deepest black forest, Where the people are many and their hands are all empty, Where the pellets of poison are flooding their waters, Where the home in the valley meets the damp dirty prison, Where the executioner's face is always well hidden, Where hunger is ugly, where souls are forgotten, Where black is the color, where none is the number, And I'll tell it and think it and speak it and breathe it, And reflect it from the mountain so all souls can see it, Then I'll stand on the ocean until I start sinkin', But I'll know my song well before I start singin', And it's a hard, it's a hard, it's a hard, it's a hard, It's a hard rain's a­gonna fall. Copyright © 1963; renewed 1991 Special Rider Music Positively 4th Street (Greatest Hits 1967) Positively 4th Street You got a lotta nerve To say you are my friend When I was down You just stood there grinning You got a lotta nerve To say you got a helping hand to lend You just want to be on The side that's winning You say I let you down You know it's not like that If you're so hurt Why then don't you show it You say you lost your faith But that's not where it's at You had no faith to lose And you know it I know the reason That you talk behind my back I used to be among the crowd You're in with Do you take me for such a fool To think I'd make contact With the one who tries to hide What he don't know to begin with You see me on the street You always act surprised You say, "How are you?" "Good luck" But you don't mean it When you know as well as me You'd rather see me paralyzed Why don't you just come out once And scream it No, I do not feel that good When I see the heartbreaks you embrace If I was a master thief Perhaps I'd rob them And now I know you're dissatisfied With your position and your place Don't you understand It's not my problem I wish that for just one time You could stand inside my shoes And just for that one moment I could be you Yes, I wish that for just one time You could stand inside my shoes You'd know what a drag it is To see you Copyright © 1965; renewed 1993 Special Rider Music The Times They are a­Changin’ The Times They are a­Changin’ ­1964 Come gather 'round people Wherever you roam And admit that the waters Around you have grown And accept it that soon You'll be drenched to the bone. If your time to you Is worth savin' Then you better start swimmin' Or you'll sink like a stone For the times they are a­changin'. Come writers and critics Who prophesize with your pen And keep your eyes wide The chance won't come again And don't speak too soon For the wheel's still in spin And there's no tellin' who That it's namin'. For the loser now Will be later to win For the times they are a­changin'. Come senators, congressmen Please heed the call Don't stand in the doorway Don't block up the hall For he that gets hurt Will be he who has stalled There's a battle outside And it is ragin'. It'll soon shake your windows And rattle your walls For the times they are a­changin'. Come mothers and fathers Throughout the land And don't criticize What you can't understand Your sons and your daughters Are beyond your command Your old road is Rapidly agin'. Please get out of the new one If you can't lend your hand For the times they are a­changin'. The line it is drawn The curse it is cast The slow one now Will later be fast As the present now Will later be past The order is Rapidly fadin'. And the first one now Will later be last For the times they are a­changin'. Copyright © 1963; renewed 1991 Special Rider Music ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2011 for the course MUS 106 taught by Professor Sabino during the Summer '11 term at UC Davis.

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