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Unformatted text preview: Violence in the “60’s Violence in the “60’s May ’62 ­ Race riot in Birmingham, AL ‘62 ­ US military council established in Vietnam ’62 ­ Cuban missile crisis Fall ’62 ­ 3000 soldiers quell riots when James Meredith enters Ole Miss ’63 ­ violent civil rights demonstrations, Birmingham, AL 22 Nov. ’63 ­ JFK assassinated End of ’63 ­ 16,300 US troops in Vietnam July ’64 ­ race riots in Harlem, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Chicago, etc. Dec. ’64 ­ troops at UCB for Free Speech Movement protests End of ’64 ­ 23,000 troops in Vietnam Feb. ’65 ­ Malcolm X assassinated ­ civil rights violence in Selma, AL, KKK shootings April ’65 ­ 82,00 troops in Vietnam August ’65 ­ race riots in Watts, CA; 4000 arrested ­ 125,000 troops in Vietnam End of ’65 ­ 184,000 troops in Vietnam End of ’66 ­ 385,000 troops in Vietnam Violence in the ’60’s Pt.2 Violence in the ’60’s Pt.2 July ­ August ’67 ­ race riots in Detroit, Cleveland, Newark and many other cities End of ’67 ­ 485,600 US troops in Vietnam ­ pro­war march in NY attracts 700,000 ­ anti­war march in Washington attracts 50,000, others in NY, SF Jan. ’68 ­ Tet offensive in Vietnam April ’68 ­ Martin Luther King assassinated April ’68 ­ student riots at Columbia University June ’68 ­ RFK assassinated August ’68 ­ riot at Democratic Convention, Chicago ’68 ­ 221 major demonstrations at American universities ­ US troops in Vietnam peak at 536,100 Crimes of violence in US 57% greater than in ’60 End of ’69 ­ 475,000 US troops in Vietnam End of ’70 ­ 334,600 US troops in Vietnam Total number of US troops to serve in Vietnam: 2,709,965 Civil Rights Landmarks in the ’60’s Civil Rights Landmarks in the ’60’s 1961 ­ “Freedom riders” attacked in AL ­ estimated 50,000 in civil rights demonstration 1963 ­ 200,000 “Freedom Marchers” demonstrate in Wash. DC ­ 2000demonstrations nationwide 1964 ­ 24th amendment ratified, abolishes poll tax ­ Civil Rights Act 1965 ­ Voting Rights Act 1966 ­ Jesse Jackson organizes “Operation Bread Basket” in Chicago creates jobs for 5000 blacks by 1970 1970 ­ Black Power conference in NJ Early Non Motown Soul Early Non Motown Soul Soul music ­ Term from the ’60’s Early (and lasting) artists: Ray Charles, James Brown, Sam Cooke, Jackie Wilson, Aretha Franklin Derived from blues and gospel with a Country and Western influence From Chicago ­ The Impressions w/Curtis Mayfield (Superfly­1972) ­ paralyzed from the neck down in 1990 From Memphis ­ Stax Records –Wilson Pickett, Otis Redding, Booker T and the MG’s (in the Blues Brothers movie) ­ had a distinctive horn sound that often moved with a parallel motion. Atlantic Records ­ Ahmet Ertegun & Jerry Wexler ­ recorded and produced Aretha Franklin, Ray Charles, and Otis Redding Motown Records (Tamla) Motown Records (Tamla) The Motor City ­ Detroit, Michigan (Motor Town) First record label (Jan. 12, 1959) owned by an African­American, Berry Gordy Jr. Primarily African­American artists that enjoyed widespread crossover success The publishing arm ­ Jobete Music Publishing (daughters Joy, Beth and Terry) Had his own “finishing school” Holland­Dozier­Holland Hits Holland­Dozier­Holland Hits 1963: "Leaving Here" ­ Eddie Holland later covered by Motörhead, Lars Frederiksen and the Bastards, Pearl Jam, The Birds and The Who. 1963: "Come and Get These Memories" ­ Martha & the Vandellas 1963: "(Love is Like a) Heat Wave" ­ Martha & the Vandellas, later covered by The Who, Linda Ronstadt and The Jam. 1963: "Mickey's Monkey" ­ The Miracles 1963: "When the Lovelight Starts Shining Through His Eyes" ­ The Supremes later covered by Dusty Springfield 1964: "Where Did Our Love Go" ­ The Supremes, later covered by Soft Cell 1964: "Baby Love" ­ The Supremes 1964: "Come See About Me" ­ The Supremes, later covered by The Afghan Whigs 1964: "Baby I Need Your Loving" ­ Four Tops, later covered by Johnny Rivers 1964: "Can I Get a Witness" ­ Marvin Gaye later covered by Dusty Springfield and the Rolling Stones 1964: "You're a Wonderful One" ­ Marvin Gaye 1964: "How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved By You)" ­ Marvin Gaye, later covered by Jr. Walker & the All­Stars and James Taylor 1965: "Stop! In the Name of Love" ­ The Supremes, later covered by The Hollies. 1965: "Nowhere to Run" ­ Martha & the Vandellas 1965: "I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)" ­ Four Tops, later covered by Bonnie Pointer and the heavy metal band Axe 1965: "Back in My Arms Again" ­ The Supremes 1965: "It's the Same Old Song" ­ Four Tops, later covered by KC & The Sunshine Band More hits More hits 1965: "I Hear a Symphony" ­ The Supremes, later covered by The Isley Brothers 1965: "Take Me In Your Arms (Rock Me a Little While)" ­ Kim Weston, later covered by The Isley Brothers, Jermaine Jackson (1972) and The Doobie Brothers (1975) 1965: "There's a Ghost In My House" ­ R. Dean Taylor 1966: "(I'm a) Roadrunner" ­ Jr. Walker & the All­Stars, later covered by The Who 1966: "Reach Out I'll Be There" ­ Four Tops, later covered by Diana Ross and Michael Bolton 1966: "Standing in the Shadows of Love" ­ Four Tops 1966: "This Old Heart of Mine (Is Weak For You)" ­ The Isley Brothers, later covered by Ronald Isley & Rod Stewart 1966: "You Can't Hurry Love" ­ The Supremes, later covered by Phil Collins 1966: "You Keep Me Hangin' On" ­ The Supremes, later covered by Vanilla Fudge and Kim Wilde 1966: "Heaven Must Have Sent You" ­ The Elgins, later covered by Bonnie Pointer 1967: "Bernadette" ­ Four Tops 1967: "Jimmy Mack" ­ Martha & the Vandellas 1967: "Reflections" ­ Diana Ross & the Supremes 1970: "Give Me Just a Little More Time" ­ Chairmen of the Board 1970: "Band of Gold" ­ Freda Payne Also covered by Sylvester in the 80's 1970: "Want Ads" ­ Honey Cone 1971: "Bring the Boys Home" ­ Freda Payne 1975: "Just a Little Bit of You" ­ Michael Jackson Motown name changes Motown name changes The Matadors……………………..The Miracles The Primes…………………..The Temptations The Primettes…………………..The Supremes The Marvels……………………The Marvelettes The Four Aims………………….The Four Tops Stevland Morris……..(Little) Stevie Wonder The Funk Brothers The Funk Brothers They played on more #1 records than The Beatles, The Beach Boys, The Rolling Stones and Elvis combined Earl Van Dyke ­ keyboards Robert White ­ guitar Eddie Willis ­ guitar Joe Messina ­ guitar James Jamerson, (’67) Bob Babbitt ­ bass Benny Benjamin ­ drums Jack Ashford, Eddie “Bongo” Brown ­ Percussion The Supremes ’61­’77 The Supremes ’61­’77 Founded in Detroit in 1959 as the Primettes The most successful African­American group of the ’60’s 12 #1 records between ’64 and ’69 Florence Ballard, Mary Wilson and Diana Ross First hit­ “Where Did Our Love Go” ­ ’64 Other hits ­ “Stop! I the Name of Love”, “Baby Love”, The Broadway Show “Dreamgirls” is loosley based on The Supremes The Temptations The Temptations Formed in Detroit in ’60 (still performing) ’64 ­ First single “The Way You Do the Things You Do” ­ top 20 Sold 22 million albums by ’82 Known for unique choreography and harmonies as well as classy dress March,’65 ­ “My Girl” ­ 1st #1 hit topical ­ “Papa Was a Rollin’ Stone”, psychedelic ­ “Ball Of Confusion” ­ “Cloud 9” James Brown James Brown May 3,1933­Dec.25,2006 Aka “The Godfather of Soul”, “The Hardest Working Man In Show Business” “Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag” ­ “I Got You” (I Feel Good), “Say It Loud, I’m Black and I’m Proud” In the ’70’s The JB’s were the back up band with Bootsy Collins, later of Pariament­ Funkadelic Aretha Franklin Aretha Franklin Born 1942 in Memphis but raised in Detroit “Lady Soul”, “The Queen of Soul” 19 Grammys “Respect”, “Chain of Fools”, “Think”, “(You Make Me Feel Like a) Natural Woman” Brought strong gospel sensibilities to pop and R&B Sly and the Family Stone Sly and the Family Stone “Don’t Call Me Nigger, Whitey” Don't call me nigger, whitey Don't call me whitey, nigger Don't call me nigger, whitey Don't call me whitey, nigger Well I was down, across the country And I heard two voices ring They were talkin' angry to each other And neither other could change a thing Don't call me nigger, whitey Don't call me whitey, nigger... Sly and the Family Stone Sly and the Family Stone From San Francisco ’67 ­ ’83 “Stand”, “Dance to the Music”, “Everyday People “ The first major American rock band to have an integrated lineup in both race and gender. Stand! In the end you'll still be you One that's done all the things you set out to do Stand! There's a cross for you to bear Things to go through if you're going anywhere Stand Stand Stand! For the things you know are right It s the truth that the truth makes them so uptight Stand! All the things you want are real You have you to complete and there is no deal Stand. stand, stand! (Everybody, yeah) Stand. stand, stand! Stand! You've been sitting much too long There's a permanent crease in your right and wrong Stand! There's a midget standing tall And a giant beside him about to fall Stand. stand, stand! Stand. stand, stand! Stand! They will try to make you crawl And they know what you're saying makes sense and all Stand! Don't you know that you are free Well, at least in your mind if you want to be Everybody Stand, stand, stand! Everyday People Everyday People Sometimes I'm right, but I can be wrong My own beliefs are in my song The butcher, the baker, the drummer and then Makes no difference what group I'm in I am everyday people Yeah, yeah There is a blue one who can't accept the green one For living with a fat one trying to be a skinny one Different strokes for different folks And so on, and so on and scooby­dooby­doo Ooh, sha, sha We got to live together I am no better, and neither are you We are the same, whatever we do You love me, you hate me, you know me and then You can't figure out the bag I'm in I am everyday people Yeah, yeah There is a long hair that doesn't like the short hair For being such a rich one that will not help the poor one Different strokes for different folks And so on and so on and scooby­dooby­doo Ooh, sha, sha We got to live together There is a yellow one that won't accept the black one That won't accept the red one that won't accept the white one Different strokes for different folks And so on, and so on and scooby­dooby­doo Ooh, sha, sha I am everyday people Stevie Wonder Stevie Wonder Born in Saginaw Michigan in 1950 Two distinct phases, Little Stevie Wonder recording pop songs for early Motown and the socially conscious Stevie Wonder in later years “Uptight “, “Signed, Sealed, Delivered I’m Yours”, “I Was Made to Love Her” 22 Grammys Instruments Instruments Electric guitars made to compete with big bands Developed by Adolph Rickenbacker in the ’30’s 1941 ­ The Les Paul 1951 ­ first commercially successful electric guitars ­ The Telecaster and the Fender Precision Bass by Leo Fender 1934 ­ The Hammond organ made 1955 ­ The Wurlitzer electronic piano ’64­ Moog synthesizer displayed 1965 ­ The Fender Rhodes Electric piano 1978 ­ The Prophet 5 ­ the first polyphonic synthesizer Music Recording Technology Music Recording Technology 1877 ­ first Edison tinfoil cylinder recording “Mary had a little Lamb) 1906 ­ The Victrola (discs) 1921 ­ Public Address systems developed by AT&T in 1916 used at Arlington Cemetery\ 1931 ­ EMI studio at Abbey Road opened in London 1935 ­ first public demonstration of BASF/AEG "Magnetophone" at Berlin Radio Fair. 1933 ­ 1st 12” record 1954 ­ first portable transistor radio sold 1965 ­audio cassettes introduced 1979 ­ The Walkman 1982 ­ 1st CD’s marketed 1998 ­ Jonell Polansky produced the first 24­bit 48­track digital recording session at Ocean Way on Nashville's Music Row 2001 ­the I­Pod Citation: Schoenherr, Steven E. Recording Technology History. http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/recording/notes.html [July 6, 2005] The history of multi track recording begins with Bing Crosby's gift of a commercially­produced reel­to­reel tape recorder to an inventive guitarist named Les Paul. Robert Moog ’34­’05 Robert Moog ’34­’05 Attended The Bronx High School of Science, Queens College, Columbia and Cornell Developed the electronic music company Moog Synthesizers and consulted for Kurzweil The first were modular 1971 ­ The Mini Moog Among first customers to collaborate with him was Wendy Carlos nee Walter Carlos “Switched on Bach” 1968 It was the first classical album to sell 500,000 copies Forbidden Planet Forbidden Planet a Sci­fi movie from 1956 The movie's innovative electronic music score (credited as Electronic Tonalities partly to avoid having to pay movie industry music guild fees) was composed by Louis and Bebe Barron. Their score is widely credited with being the first completely electronic film score, and helped open the door for electronic music in film. The synthesized sounds of "bleats, burps, whirs, whines, throbs, hums and screeches" that comprise the sound track contained carefully developed themes and motifs, while supporting the general atmosphere of the various scenes Using the equations presented in the 1948 book, Cybernetics: Or, Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine by mathematician Norbert Wiener, Louis Barron constructed the electronic circuits which he used to generate sounds. Most of the tonalities were generated using a circuit called a ring modulator. After recording the base sounds, Louis and Bebe Barron further manipulated the material by adding effects: such as reverb and delay, and reversing or changing the speed of certain sounds. The soundtrack for Forbidden Planet preceded the Moog synthesizer of 1964 by almost a decade. The innovative soundtrack was released on a vinyl LP album and, later, on a music CD: with a six­page color booklet containing images from Forbidden Planet plus liner notes from the composers, Louis & Bebe Barron, and Bill Malone. Synthesizers Synthesizers Analog ­ unison, polyphonic Digital ­ polyphonic ­ PCM based samplers, PCM workstations, hybrid FM synthesis Drum machines Software synthesis In 1983 MIDI (musical instrument digital interface) was introduced ­ allows for a standard by which all brands can communicate with each other and a computer No matter which type they all need to control time via ADSR ­ (attack, decay, sustain and release) ADSR ADSR Attack ­ The amount of time it takes for a sound to reach 100% volume after the key is struck Decay ­ the time it takes for the attack sound to reach the sustain level Sustain ­ the steady volume when the key is held down Release ­ the time it takes for the sound to stop after the key is released Singer­Songwriters Singer­Songwriters These artists are from many genres and eras but they write for themselves and share their lack of a full time band. Bob Dylan, Paul Simon, Neil Young, John Denver, Gene Clark, Jackson Browne, Dave Mason, Jim Croce, Joni Mitchell, Leonard Cohen, Donovan, Randy Newman, Gordon Lightfoot, Nick Drake, Fred Neil, Tom Rush, Phil Ochs, Eric Andersen, Carly Simon, Cat Stevens, Bruce Cockburn, Harry Chapin, James Taylor, Tim Hardin, Loretta Lynn, Johnny Cash and Carole King The Fusions The Fusions Jazz ­ Rock Classical Rock Southern Rock American Blues ­ Rock Country ­ Rock Glam ­ Rock Latin ­ Rock Country Rock Country Rock The Eagles ­ “71 ­present “Take It Easy” The Band ­ ’67­’76 (Dylan’s back up band) “The Weight” Poco ­ ’69 From Buffalo Springfield to The Eagles Linda Rondstat b.’46 “The Queen of Country­Rock “Different Drum” with The Stone Poneys, written by Mike Nesmith Bob Dylan (Nashville Skyline) ‘69 New Riders of the Purple Sage “71 “Panama Red” The First National Band ­ (Mike Nesmith) ‘70 Gram Parsons ­ ’46­’68 (The Byrds) Southern Rock and American Southern Rock and American blues­rock The Allman Brothers Band­ ’69­’76 but reformed and is still playing Lynyrd Skynyrd ’70­’77 Marshall Tucker ‘72 Johnny Winter ZZ Top The Charlie Daniels Band Canned Heat The Steve Miller Blues Band Jazz­Rock (Fusion) Jazz­Rock (Fusion) The Mahavishnu Orchestra ’70­’73 original group Weather Report ’70­’86 Blood, Sweat and Tears ’67­’78 Herbie Hancock b.1940 Chick Corea b.1941 Chicago ’67 ­ now Miles Davis Steely Dan Miles Davis Miles Davis 1926­1991 born in St Louis 1944 ­ one year at Julliard Influenced by Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker 1969 ­ started a small electric jazz group with Joe Zawinul, Chick Corea and John McLaughin 1969 ­ Bitches Brew ­ (4 sides, 6 cuts) his first gold album added Airto on percussion and Wayne Shorter on sax Weather Report Weather Report 1970­1985 Joe Zawinul b.Vienna, 1932 ­ Wayne Shorterb. 1933, Airto Moreira b.1941, Brazil ­ Miroslav Vitous b.1947, Prague ­ Jaco Pastorious, Alphonse Mouzon 1971 ­ Weather Report 1977 ­ Heavy Weather #1 on the jazz charts, #30 on the pop charts Latin rock Latin rock Richie Valens ’41­59 Sam the Sham and the Pharoahs “Wooly Booly” ? And The Mysterians ­ “96 Tears” Los Lobos ­ formed in East LA in 1973 Santana Carlos Santana Carlos Santana B. 1947 Autlan Mexico…moved to Tijuana in 1955 Started playing in blues clubs in’60 ’61 moved to SF ’66 forms the Santana Blues Band ’69 plays at Woodstock ’69 Santana “Evil Ways”, “Soul Sacrifice” ‘70 Abraxas “Black Magic Woman”, Oye Como Va” 1st hit with all Spanish text ’72 Caravenserai ­ mix of rock, salsa and jazz Frank Zappa Frank Zappa b. 1940 in Baltimore, d. 1993 Founded the Mothers of Invention (1964) Made a classic film ­ “200 Motels” (1970) 1968 ­ “We’re Only In It For The Money”, the cover is a spoof of Sgt. Pepper A very influential avant­ garde/rock/jazz/classical composer and guitarist Classical Rock (Art Rock) Classical Rock (Art Rock) Jethro Tull (in Jazz­Rock also) ’68­present The Moody Blues ­ “Nights In White Satin” ’64 ­ Procol Harum ­ “Whiter Shade Of Pale” ­’67 ­ ‘77 Pink Floyd King Crimson ­ ‘’69­’74 Emerson, Lake and Palmer ­ ’70­’78 Electric Light Orchestra (ELO) ’70­’86 Yes ’68­ ’81 “Roundabout” Genesis ­ ’67 ­ present Pink Floyd Pink Floyd 1965 ­ started as a psychedelic blues band named Pink Floyd Council after bluesmen Pink Anderson and Floyd Council 1967 ­ became Pink Floyd 1968 ­ Founder Syd Barret became unstable and was replaced by David Gilmour 1970 ­ Atom Heart Mother ­ #1 in UK, #55 in US 1971 ­ Medalle 1973 ­ Dark Side of the Moon ­ 14 years on the charts, #1 in US 1979 ­ The Wall ­ 23 times platinum Heavy Metal Heavy Metal Emphasis on power, intensity and danger Group names Electrical or mechanical: Tesla, AC/DC, Motorhead, Led Zeppelin Animals: Ratt, Scorpions Dangerous people: Twisted Sister, Motley Crue Dangerous Object: Iron Maiden Death: Anthrax, Poisin, Megadeth, Slayer Loud, strong beat, simple chordal patterns, theatrics Celebration of male bonding is strong, yet the dress is sometimes androgenous Virtuosic solos Modal melodies Heavy Metal Chronology Heavy Metal Chronology First “generation” bands: Early or pre­ heavy metal (60’s) Jimi Hendrix, Cream, The Who, Led Zeppelin, Blue Cheer, Iron Butterfly, The MC5, Steppenwolf, Vanilla Fudge Second" generation” bands: Early or pre­ heavy metal (70’s) Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, Kiss, AC/DC, Aerosmith, Judas Priest, Ted Nugent, Motorhead, Rainbow, Blue Oyster Cult, Scorpions, Alice Cooper, Van Halen Third" generation” bands: Early or pre­ heavy metal (80’s) Def Leppard, Iron Maiden, Saxon, Motley Crue, Ratt, Quiet Riot, Dokken, W.A.S.P., Guns and Roses, Twisted Sister Metal Virtuosos Jimi Hendrix Jimmy Page Eddie Van Halen Ritchie Blackmore Randy Rhoads 1956­1982 (with Ozzy Osborne and Quiet Riot) Influenced by Baroque music especially Bach, Vivaldi and Pachelbel Yngwie Malmsteen Led Zeppelin Led Zeppelin English blues/metal band ’68­’80 Robert Plant, Jimmy Page, John Paul Jones, John Bonham (deceased) The most successful band of the ’70’s Presence ­ The only album that went Platinum on advance orders “Dazed and Confused”, “Stairway to Heaven” Led Zeppelin Albums Led Zeppelin Albums With Atlantic ­ Led Zeppelin ­ Jan. ’69 ­ “Good Times, Bad Times”, “Communications Breakdown” Led Zeppelin II ­ Oct. ’69 ­”Whole Lotta Love”, “Living Loving Maid” Led Zeppelin III ­ ’70 ­ “Immigrant Song” Led Zeppelin IV ­ ’71 ­ “Stairway to Heaven”, “Rock and Roll” Houses Of The Holy ­ ’73 ­ “Over the Hills and Far Away”, The Crunge” With Swan Song ­ Physical Graffiti ­’75 ­ “Black Country Woman” Presence ­ ’76 In Through the Out Door ­ ’79 Coda ­ ‘82 Bring It On Home Sonny Boy Williamson/Willie Dixon Version Led Zeppelin Version Baby, baby, I'm gonna bring it on home to you I done bought my ticket, I got my load Conductor done hollered, "All, aboard" Take my seat and ride way back, and watch this train move down the track Baby, baby, I'm gonna bring it on home to you I think about the good times I once have had Soul got happy now, my heart got glad I think about the way you love me too You can bet your life, I'm comin home to you I'm goin home, I'm gonna bring it on home, now I'm gonna bring it on home, now I'm gonna bring it on home, now Gonna bring it on home, bring it on home to you by Willie Dixon Baby, baby I'm gonna bring it on home to you. I've got my ticket, I've got that load. Got up, gone higher, all aboard. Take my seat, right way back. ooh yeah Watch this train roll down the track. I'm gonna bring it on home, Bring it on home to you. Watch out, watch out, man move Try to tell you baby, what you tryin' to do? Tryin' to love me baby, Love some other man too. Bring it on home... Went a little walk downtown, Messed and got back late. Found a note there waiting, And it said, "Daddy, I just can't wait." Bring it on home..., Bring it back home to me baby... Tell you, pretty baby, You love to mess me `roun'. I'm gonna give you lovin', baby, Gonna move you out o' town. Bring it on home... Sweetest little baby, Daddy ever saw. I'm gonna give you lovin' baby, I'm gonna give you more. Bring it on home..., All right. Bring it on home, Bring it on home to you... Glam­Rock Glam­Rock David Bowie ­ “Ziggy Stardust” b. ’47 ­ “Space Oddity” The New York Dolls ­ ’71 ­ present Kiss ­ ’73 ­present ­ “Rock And Roll All Night” T­Rex ­ ’67­’77 “Bang a Gong” remade by Power Station in ‘85 Alice Cooper ­ b. 1948 ­ “Schools Out” ­ ‘72 ...
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