Intro to Psych, Modules 22 and 7

Intro to Psych, Modules 22 and 7 - Perceptual Adaptation o...

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Sensation vs. Perception o Sensation is the transduction of energy (or chemicals in the case of taste and smell) from the environment into chemical/electrical signals. o Perception is the interpretation your brain imposes on sensations Perceptual Interpretation o Sensory deprivation and restored vision o Perceptual adaptation o Perceptual set o Perception and the human factor Perceptual Interpretation o Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) maintained that knowledge comes from our inborn ways of organizing sensory experiences. o John Locke (1632-1704) argued that we learn to perceive the world through our experiences. o How important is experience in shaping our perceptual interpretations? Restored Vision o When blind adults have restored vision: o Figure-ground relationships are clear, but distinguishing between specific shapes (a square vs. a triangle) can be difficult o Can recognize individual features of faces, but have difficulty recognizing faces as a whole
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Unformatted text preview: Perceptual Adaptation o The ability to adjust to an artificially displaced visual field. o Humans are quite good at this sort of adaptation Stratton created goggles that flipped the visual field upside down and was able to adapt to it in just 8 days. Perceptual Set o Mental predisposition to see one thing and not another. Context Effects o Is the magician cabinet on the floor or hanging from the ceiling? Cultural Context Perception: Learned or Acquired? ESP: Extrasensory Perception o Telepathy mind to mind communication o Clairvoyance perception of physically distant events o Precognition knowledge of future events Consciousness o Consciousness is our awareness of ourselves and our environment. Attention is required for awareness. Perception depends on Attention o Change Blindness o Inattentional Blindness o Blindsight...
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Intro to Psych, Modules 22 and 7 - Perceptual Adaptation o...

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