HISTORY 101 LECTURE (Ancient Egypt)

HISTORY 101 LECTURE (Ancient Egypt) - ANCIENT EGYPT (ca....

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ANCIENT EGYPT (ca. 3,000 B.C.)
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Geography/Early History of Egypt Ancient Egypt and the Nile River Pre-history of Egypt begins in Bronze Age (term). Importance of the Nile River (and what Herodotus said about Egypt) Description of Nile’s Geography Major Tributaries of the Nile; “cataracts” separate Egypt from Sudan. Nile flows into Delta region; terms Delta , Origin of the name Nile ( Nileos ); Nile’s “flood plain” and desert regions around it (“Kemet” versus “Deshret”) Importance of Nile’s “inundation” (flood season)
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Map of Egypt, Nile River, and her 6 cataracts. White Nile Flows from Lake Victoria through Sudan Blue Nile Flows from Ethiopia and fed by monsoons.
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Nile River
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Early Development of Egypt Early Development of Egypt How Egypt Unified: King Menes unifies Egypt (ca. 3150 B.C.); becomes 1 st major pharaoh. Founds new capital at Memphis. Develops 1 st of 31 dynasties; develops the new crown of Egypt (pschent) Importance of the “Narmer Palette”.
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Narmer Palette (both sides)
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Main Gods of Egypt Main Gods of Egypt
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Amun-Re Become King of all the Gods by the New Kingdom. Amun means “hidden one”; Re syncretized with Amun Worshiped at Thebes as “Cult of Amun-Re”. Also written as “Amen” or “Amon” Called “Zeus-Ammon” by the Greeks.
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Anubis God of embalming (funerary practices) Symbolized by a Jackal head. Egyptian use of anthropomorphic gods.
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Horus Falcon and sky god; God of kingship (son of Osiris and Isis) Kings of Egypt associate themselves with Horus; especially as their earthly embodiment.
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Isis/Hathor (w/Queen Nefertari) Goddess of fertility, sex, love, alcohol. Seen as King’s mother; married to Osiris. Symbol of a woman with cow horns.
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Imhotep God of medicine and wisdom Symbolized as a a man with skull cap
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Osiris God of the Underworld (King of the Dead); God of fertility Married to Isis, Father of Horus; brother of Seth Holds symbols – crook and flail with double crown (pschent)
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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HISTORY 101 LECTURE (Ancient Egypt) - ANCIENT EGYPT (ca....

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