HISTORY 101 LECTURE (Pre-History, ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA)

HISTORY 101 LECTURE (Pre-History, ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA) -...

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HISTORY 101 World Civilizations I (Power Point Lecture Outline) PREHISTORY TO 1500 A.D.
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History vs. Prehistory What is History? What is history? Greek Origins of the word “History” Importance of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, The Histories What is prehistory? Definition of prehistory and how vast it is in history Importance of Science in prehistory Development of early humans and main cultural periods – Paleo, Meso, Neolithic (Bronze, Iron).
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Herodotus , The Histories (440 B.C.)
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** FOUR EARLIEST CIVILIZATIONS 1. IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA) Tigris-Euphrates River Valleys, 8,000 B.C. First civilization of Man develops in Asia. 2. INDIA Indus - Ganges River Valleys, 5,500 B.C. 3. CHINA Yellow River Valley, 4,000 B.C. 4. EGYPT Nile River Valley, 3,000 B.C. Man’s First Great Civilization. **All develop around Major River Valleys!
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Beginning of Civilization ; Jericho , Oldest City, 8,000 B.C.
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IRAQ - MESOPOTAMIA WHERE MAN’S FIRST CIVILIZATION BEGAN, 8,000 B.C.
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Mesopotamia Develops as the Oldest Civilization of Man around the region of modern Iraq. “Mesopotamia”; translation of Mesopotamia. Other names associated with Mesopotamia: “Fertile Crescent”; “Cradle of Civilization”; “Garden of Eden”; name “Iraq”. Mesopotamia as a crossroad of civilizations. Various civilizations that conquered or settled in Mesopotamia included mainly “Semitic” or “Indo-European” peoples.
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Mesopotamia “Land Between the Rivers”
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Map of Mesopotamia
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Early Sumerian Culture (3,300 – 1600 B.C.) Early Sumerian Culture” (Early Mesopotamia) 1) Sumerians (Region of Sumer) First major civilization in the world? Entered Mesopotamia around 3300 B.C.
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HISTORY 101 LECTURE (Pre-History, ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA) -...

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