free_will - Metaphysics TheProblemofFreeWill...

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Dr Lisa Jones  University of St And Metaphysics The Problem of Free Will
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Dr Lisa Jones  University of St And What is freedom? “surface freedom” Being able to ‘do  what you want’ Being free to act,  and choose, as you  will BUT: what if ‘what  you will’ is not under  your control? “free will” Being an agent  capable of  influencing the world Source of ones own  actions Actions and choices  are “up-to-us”
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Dr Lisa Jones  University of St And Why is freedom important? We ‘feel’ that we are free; that we are the  originators of our own actions We need to be free in order to be  responsible for our actions; our practices  of praise and blame presuppose that we  are free (compare the kleptomaniac to  the ordinary thief)
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Dr Lisa Jones  University of St And Could we be mistaken about ‘feeling free’? Let us imagine a man who, while standing on the street, would say to himself: ‘It is six o’clock in the evening, the working day is over. Now I can go for a walk, or I can go to the club; I can also climb up the tower to see the sun set; I can go to the theatre; I can visit this friend or that one; indeed, I also can run out of the gate, into the wide world and never return. All this is strictly up to me; in this I have complete freedom. But still, I shall do none of these things now, but with just as free a will I shall go home to my wife.’ This is exactly as if water spoke to itself: ‘I can make high waves (yes! in the sea during a storm), I can rush down hill (yes! in the river bed), I can plunge down foaming and gushing (yes! in the fountain) I can, finally, boil away and disappear (yes! at certain temperature); but I am doing none of these things now, and am voluntarily remaining quiet and clear in the reflecting pond. (Schopenhauer, On the Freedom of The Will )
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Dr Lisa Jones  University of St And Causal determinism ( Roughly ): the view that the state of the  world at a given time determines the  state of the world at the next moment Every event that occurs, including  human action, is entirely the result of  earlier causes [event causation]
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Dr Lisa Jones  University of St And Determinism: types  Causal determinism* Theological determinism Psychological determinism Sociological determinism Biological determinism Environmental determinism
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Dr Lisa Jones  University of St And So, determinism and free will would  appear to be in tension with one another This raises two big questions 1. The  determinist  question - is determinism  true or false? 2.
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free_will - Metaphysics TheProblemofFreeWill...

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