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09.19.2011 (Intro to African History)

09.19.2011 (Intro to African History) - 18071855 (...

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09/19/2011 Introduction to African History 1807-1855  British decided to end slave trade in 1807 and opted to change relations in Africa  from slave trade to illegitimate commerce (raw materials from Africa in exchange  textiles, etc) British pushing countries to open up trade to other countries, knowing that they  would prevail over the competition Comparative advantage: Africa has advantage over England because of raw  materials and tropical climate; on the other hand, England’s technology gave  them an advantage over Africa Why did Europeans want to change this commerce to outright colonialism? Up until 1850s, Africa was known as the “White Man’s Grave” but afterward due  to the advancement of science and thus technology, that soon changed Colonialism Opposite of free trade because occupy land and put land outside of the sphere of  influence of any other nation; protectionism Nov 1884-Feb 1885 (Berlin Conference): Conference called 14 nations by  Bismark, of Germany; 12 Europeans nations, the Ottoman Empire to discuss rules  and guidelines for Africa; competition getting nastier because America catching 
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