02_1 Culture Context

02_1 Culture Context - Chapter Two, Lecture One The...

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Chapter Two, Lecture One The Cultural Context of Classical Myth To Greek Society
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Cultural Context of Classical Myth “Myths reflect the society that produces them. In turn, they determine the nature of that society. They cannot be separated from the physical, social, and spiritual worlds in which a people lives or from a people’s history.”
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Greek Geography Greece not rich in minerals or tillable land mountainous Principal Areas: Thessaly, Macedonia, Boeotia, Attica, Peloponnesus, Argolis, Laconia, Elis Maps of Greece Horses were scarce
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Greek Geography Some areas rich in limestone, marble, and clay the basis for Greek material culture temples and pottery tell us much about their gods and myths The Aegean Sea the greatest natural resource Maps of Greece
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Greek Geography Cycladic Islands and the Sporades Importance of trade and colonization Mountainous terrain encourage political independence of cities and spawned myths of city founders
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Greek History – 7000 BC Paleolithic 7000–3000 BC Neolithic 3000–1150 BC Bronze Age
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Greek History 3000–1600: Early/Middle Bronze Age 1600–1150: Mycenaean (Late Bronze) Age 1150–800: Dark Age 800–490: Archaic Period 490–323: Classical Period 323–30: Hellenistic Period
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Greek History 3000: Writing and Cities, Bronze 1600: Ascendancy of Mainland Greeks 1150: Sack and Collapse of Cities 800: Greek Alphabet 490: Persian Invasion of Greece 323: Death of Alexander the Great 30: Rome's Conquest of Egypt
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Early/Middle Bronze Age 3000–1600 BC Early Bronze Age (3000–2000 BC) peoples in the Greek area not Greek Agricultural peoples mainly Worshipped goddesses of fertility
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02_1 Culture Context - Chapter Two, Lecture One The...

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