03_2 Development of Classical Myth (1)

03_2 Development of Classical Myth (1) - Chapter Three,...

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Chapter Three, Lecture Two The Development of Classical Myth
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Last Lecture Some of the pre-historic antecedents of Greek myth Palaeolithic Fertility Worship Cycladic and Minoan Idols Mycenaean Age Mesopotamian/Semitic Myths Hittites
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This Lecture Specific Greek cultural sources and contexts Different periods Archaic 800–490 Classical 490–323 Hellenistic 323–31 Roman 31–
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Greek Myth in the Archaic Period Invention of writing makes Archaic Period critical for understanding earliest Greek myths. Painted pottery plentiful
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Greek Myth in the Archaic Period Homer (800 BC) himself knows nothing of writing Homer’s epics first Greek literature written down But his poetry could have been written only in alphabetic script, which notes vowels as well as consonants.
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Greek Myth in the Archaic Period
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Greek Myth in the Archaic Period The IIiad and the Odyssey Events associated with the Trojan War Too long and complex ever to have been presented this way Their final form the result of writing
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Greek Myth in the Archaic Period Does Homer’s poetry depict the age of the heroes (the Mycenaean Period 1600– 1200 BC) or his own age (the Dark Age 1200– 800 BC)? His poetry often conflicts with what is otherwise known about the Bronze Age.
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Greek Myth in the Archaic Period Homer Archaeology Heroes are cremated and buried in urns. Heroes are buried in shaft graves or beehive tombs, such as those at Mycenae . Rulers are petty chieftains or war lords. Rulers are powerful kings with complex palace bureaucracies.
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Greek Myth in the Archaic Period Homer does know of the boar’s tooth helmet , but such a precious item might have been kept into his age as an heirloom. His poetry mixes both his and the Mycenaean age into an imaginative landscape.
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Greek Myth in the Archaic Period Hesiod (b. 700?) Tells us about himself and his age, unlike Homer.
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03_2 Development of Classical Myth (1) - Chapter Three,...

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