Lesson 2 American Revolution, 1775-1783

Lesson 2 American Revolution, 1775-1783 - Sea Power and...

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Sea Power and Maritime Affairs Lesson 2: The American Revolution, 1775-1783
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Learning Objectives Comprehend the American Revolution in the context of European politics and the regeneration of the struggle between Great Britain and France. Know and be able to identify the causes of the American Revolution. Comprehend the uses of sea power by the Americans, British and French.
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Learning Objectives Know the course of the war and representative campaigns. Comprehend the relationship of military and naval policy, diplomacy, and strategy as demonstrated during the war.
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Remember our Themes! The Navy as an Instrument of Foreign Policy Interaction between Congress and the Navy Interservice Relations Technology Leadership Strategy and Tactics Evolution of Naval Doctrine
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Two Doctrines Guerre de course : commerce raiding predominant in 19th century Guerre d’escadre : squadron, ie., naval warfare (line formations) predominant in 20th century Since the Revolution both traditions have competed with one another
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The State of the Navies Great Britain Permanent Fighting Instructions -- Formal Tactics Limits ability of Admirals to concentrate fleet’s firepower. French Navy is rebuilt. Superior construction, numbers, tactics, and training. Defensive tactics of a land power versus a sea power. Decline in number and condition of ships. Desire lee gage. Targeting of British sails and masts.
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Naval Ships of the Time Frigate
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Schooner
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Frigates Hancock and Boston capturing British Frigate Fox 7 June 1777
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Columbus, under the command of Captain Abraham Whipple, bringing in the British brig Lord Lifford, while operating off the New England coast in 1776
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Seven Year War
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European Political Context Results of the Seven Years’ War The Peace of Paris, 1763, was a “truce”, in effect, not a peace. G.B. (sea power) and France (land power) potential enemies Rivalry for Empire- N. America, W. Indies, Indian Ocean G.B. wants colonials to: Pay costs of Seven Years’ War- G.B. finances seriously depleted Garrison soldiers Proclamation of 1763 – Appalachian Mountains Oppressive acts Resulting Rebellion becomes a renewed Anglo-French War
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The Colonies Revolt American maritime heritage result of colonial status Resources: Ships, crews, raw materials, British merchant fleet. Advantages: Protection, Ready market for goods, benefit of imperial trade. Disadvantages: All trade supported Britain, different national interests, no voice in policy, no trade outside of empire. Causes: resentment of empire policies, taxation to pay British debt, curtailment of West expansion, no representation.
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Advantages of Being a Colony Protection Ready market for goods Benefit of imperial trade.
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Disadvantages All trade supported Britain Less money for US!
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Lesson 2 American Revolution, 1775-1783 - Sea Power and...

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