Unit 1 - NS 312 Sea Power and Maritime Affairs Themes of...

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NS 312 Sea Power and Maritime Affairs Themes of U.S. Maritime and Naval History - The Navy as an instrument of U.S. foreign policy. 19 th century: Commercial expansion/showing the flag 20 th century: “Making the world safe for democracy.” Mahanian “Command of the sea” through battle fleet engagements. “Power projection” Throughout the world, especially beyond Europe 21 st century: Sea power 21 and “network-centric” warfare - Interactions Between Congress and the Navy Funding is a crucial issue in every area Congressional attitudes determine size of the Navy, as well as its composition - Interservice Relations A certain tension has always existed between the Army and Navy In the 1980’s and 1990’s, an intensive effort was made by Congress and the Department of Defense to achieve maximum interservice cooperation and “jointness” - Technology Categories: Hull, armor, ordinance, propulsion, communications. Alternate caategories: Surface, subsurface, air, space, communications (Signals Intel) The relationship between technology and strategy is symbiotic: Changes in one induce anticipated and unanticipated changes in the other. - Leadership: Types of Leaders Are characteristics of great combat leaders similar or essentially dissimilar to those of distinguished “desk-bound” strategists and administrators? The students will study representative American Naval leaders and assess the qualities of the greatness, the reason for their success. - Strategy and Tactics: The Navy at War Definitions of strategy have varied over time. Tactics differ from strategy, but is not always clear precisely how. Naval wars will be studied in order to comprehend the interaction between national policy, alliance systems, naval strategy, leadership, logistics, and popular opinion. - Naval Doctrine: Its Evolution Over Time In 1890, Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan advocated that the U.S. Navy abandone its historic doctrine of guerre de course and commerce raiding in favor of a battle fleet doctrin composed of capital ships and fleets of capital ships. Doctrine guides the Navy from the 1890’s until the 1990’s and thereafter. - Prospects for the Future Missions of the Navy Relations with third-world countries Russia and the successor states to the Soviet Union
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“Rogue” states will require special American naval strategies. China will pose the greatest challenge to American naval hegemony. The future of the Navy will be far more complex than ever. POSSIBLE QUESTIONS - How is the US Navy used as an instrument of foreign policy during the 19 th , 20 th , and 21 st Centuries? - What determines the size of the Navy throughout different time periods? - No money to spread around for building of ships and other funding by Congress - Marines, Navy interaction.
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This note was uploaded on 07/12/2011 for the course GOV 365L taught by Professor Liu during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Unit 1 - NS 312 Sea Power and Maritime Affairs Themes of...

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