Lesson 12 WWII, The US Navy in the Pacific, 1941-1945

Lesson 12 WWII, The US Navy in the Pacific, 1941-1945 - Sea...

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Sea Power and Maritime Affairs Sea Power and Maritime Affairs Lesson 12: The US Navy in Lesson 12: The US Navy in the Pacific, 1941-1945 the Pacific, 1941-1945
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Learning Objectives Comprehend the political and economic forces that led Japan to strike at Pearl Harbor and the Far East. Comprehend the Japanese strategy for an early victory and their concept of the postwar Pacific power balance. Comprehend the impact of Pearl Harbor and the subsequent Battles of Coral Sea and Midway on the transformation of the aircraft carrier's role in naval warfare. Know the significant highlights of the evolution of US operational strategy in the Pacific, including major battles or campaigns and instances where strategy was flawed or ambiguous. Know the strategic significance of the employment and refinement of amphibious landing tactics by the US Navy and US Marine Corps. Comprehend the reasons the geopolitical world order was changed as a result of Japan’s actions in striking at the Western powers in 1941.
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Background Information Japanese-American Relations tense: Japan challenged America’s “Open Door” policy by attacking Manchuria in 1931 In 1937, Japanese expansion in China resulted in attack on American gunboat, the Panay , by Japanese aircraft Roosevelt adopted economic sanctions leading to an oil embargo by Americans, British and Dutch (July 1941)
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Background Information The Japanese struck for the oil- rich Dutch East Indies(Indonesia), Singapore, and the surrounding British- owned Malaya, Thailand, the Philippines, and Hong Kong The Japanese camouflaged their plans with diplomatic negotiations in Washington. The United States expected an assault somewhere in the Pacific because cryptanalysts, in a technique called “Magic,” had broken the Japanese Diplomatic Code
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Background Information The attack on Pearl Harbor surprised the Americans, who had not anticipated a strike so far east or one mounted solely by carrier-born aircraft
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Pearl Harbor
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Pearl Harbor: Japan’s Plan Southern drive into Indochina and Dutch East Indies for oil Strike at Philippines and Singapore to knock out local American and British Forces
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Pearl Harbor — Japanese Plans Attack on Pearl Harbor conceived by Admiral Yamamoto: Great risk — U.S. would surely enter the war Greater potential gain — U.S. Pacific Fleet would be knocked out of the war Japan would then consolidate gains throughout China and the Pacific Possibility of U.S. agreeing to Japanese territorial gains to make peace Good possibility of U.S. involvement in Europe as well Will drain naval resources from Pacific Ocean U.S. Atlantic Fleet already involved in convoy escort against U-boats
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Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto Commander in Chief Japanese Combined Fleet Wounded at Tsushima Strait Lived in the United States Boston - Studied English Washington D.C. - Naval Attaché Against war with the U.S. Demanded Pearl Harbor Attack
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This note was uploaded on 07/12/2011 for the course GOV 365L taught by Professor Liu during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Lesson 12 WWII, The US Navy in the Pacific, 1941-1945 - Sea...

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