Lesson 15 The US Navy, Vietnam, and Limited War, 1964-1975

Lesson 15 The US Navy, Vietnam, and Limited War, 1964-1975...

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Sea Power and Maritime Affairs Lesson 15: The US Navy, Vietnam  and Limited War, 1964-1975
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Learning Objectives Know the role of the US Navy in the Vietnam War (1964-1975) Comprehend the impact of the Vietnam War on the Navy’s force structure under Admiral Zumwalt during the Nixon administration. Recall the reasons for the relative decline in the U.S. naval preeminence from 1962-1977. Comprehend the differing naval policies of the U.S. and the Soviet Union and how those differences affected their resulting force structure.
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Republic of Vietnam (South) U.S. Ally Capital: Saigon Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North) Communist Capital: Hanoi
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Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ) Succeeds Kennedy as President after his assassination in Dallas in 1963 Increases U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War High level of restrictions put on military planners by his administration Concerned with “Great Society” and domestic politics
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Robert S. McNamara Secretary of Defense in Kennedy and Johnson Administrations Use of mathematical models to calculate required military force in Vietnam Attempted to avoid escalation of the war by putting restrictions on military operations
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Tonkin Gulf Incident - 1964 U.S. Seventh Fleet operating off Vietnam coast Surveillance and covert operations against North Vietnam Destroyers USS Maddox and USS Turner Joy: Night attacks by North Vietnamese torpedo boats reported Evidence supports North Vietnam’s claim that no torpedo boats were present in the area Carrier strikes ordered in retaliation
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Tonkin Gulf Incident
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Gulf of Tonkin Resolution LBJ requests authority from Congress to increase U.S. involvement Congressional approval for the President to take “all necessary measures to repel any armed attack” in Vietnam Made him look good against Barry Goldwater
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Escalating Intervention - 1965 Johnson Administration goes to work after the election MACV- Military Assistance Command Vietnam Overall- General William Westmoreland Naval Advisory Group Sea Force River Force Junk Force Ground war of attrition against North Vietnam begins.
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FLAMING DART ROLLING THUNDER MARKET TIME GAME WARDEN TF 77 (CVs) TF 77 (CVs) TF 115 (WPBs, PCFs) TF 116 (PRBs) Retaliatory strike on enlisted barracks North Vietnamese bombing campaign Coastal Interdiction Mekong Delta Interdiction SEALORDS TF 194 (PRBs) Interdiction in Mekong Delta on Cambodia border
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Westmoreland and LBJ Cam Ranh Bay 23 DEC ‘67 WESTY’s STRATEGY: “SEARCH AND DESTROY” MEASUREMENT: BODY BAGS
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“Rolling Thunder” Theory: punish north until it stops supporting V.C. in South Reality: lasted intermittently until 31 OCT 68 Interrupted by 7 bombing halts which North used to rebuild 304,000 fighter bombers and 2,380 B-52 sorties Evaluation Admiral U.S. Grant Sharp: “It was obvious that our air operations in 1965 had not achieved their goal…We had not forced hanoi to
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This note was uploaded on 07/12/2011 for the course GOV 365L taught by Professor Liu during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Lesson 15 The US Navy, Vietnam, and Limited War, 1964-1975...

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