6 - Facts about Cuba - Introduction

6 - Facts about Cuba - Introduction - Facts about Cuba...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Facts about Cuba HISTORY The first humans probably reached Cuba from South America around 3500 BC, although habitation proven by carbon dating stretches back only to 2000 BC. The Guanahatabey settled in the west and the Siboney throughout much of the rest of the island, including the coral cays (or keys) off the south c0ast.These fishers, hunters, and gatherers were later joined by agriculturalists known as the Taino, a branch of the Arawak Indians who inhabited most of the Caribbean islands and northern South America. Cacique with attitude A century or two before the arrival of Christopher Columbus, the Taino fled west from Hispaniola and Puerto Rico under pressure from the fierce Carib tribe (whose name was eventually corrupted into the English ‘canniba1’). As the Taino arrived in Cuba they pushed the Siboney westward, and by the time the Spanish arrived in the late 15th century, three-quarters of Cuba’s 100,000 native Indians were Taino-speaking Arawaks. The Cuban Indians lived in villages, grew boniatns (sweet potatoes), yuca (manioc or cassava), yams, corn, pumpkins, peanuts, peppers, avocados, and tobacco. They had pottery, baskets, and stone implements. Idols of wood, stone, or bone represented zenus (spirits). The Taino slept in cotton hamacas (hammocks) hung in thatched caneyes or bohios (huts) that were arranged around an open space in front of the dwelling of the cacique (chief) known as a barey (open space).The greatest concentration of Indians was in the eastern part of the island, especially around the Bahia de Nipe, where agriculture was well developed. The Colonial Period On October 27,1492,15 days after ‘discovering’ San Salvador (or Watling Island) in the Bahamas, Christopher Columbus (Cristobal Colon in Spanish) sighted a large land mass that he named ‘Juana’ in honor of an heir to the Spanish throne. Columbus described Cuba as ‘the most beautiful land human eyes have ever seen.’ However, the island offered little gold, so the Spanish at first ignored it, establishing their initial base in the New World at Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniola. Columbus thought Cuba was part of the coast of Asia, and only in I508 did Sebastién de Ocampo complclc the lirsl circumnavigation, proving it was an island. In 1512 a 300-member expedition from Hispaniola, led by Diego Vclzizqucz dc Cuéllar, landed at Baracoa near lhc r:u.slcrnmost tip of to begin u planned
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
14 Facts about Cuba — History - Cuban C rono ;; 3500 BC — first humans arrive in Cuba 1250 AD — Taino Indians arrive from the east 1492 — Columbus sights Cuba 1508 — Sebastian de Ocampo circumnavigates Cuba 1512 — Diego Velaizquez de Cuéllar lands at Baracoa 1514 - first seven settlements established 1515 — Santiago de Cuba becomes capital of the colony 1518 — Hernén Cortés leaves for Mexico 1519 — Havana established at present site 1522 — first African slaves brought to Cuba 1542 — encomienda system abolished 1555 — French pirates sack Havana
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/31/2011 for the course STS 302 taught by Professor Nkriesbert during the Summer '08 term at N.C. State.

Page1 / 28

6 - Facts about Cuba - Introduction - Facts about Cuba...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online