REL101StudyGuide - REL 101 Study Guide Chap1 ways the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
REL 101 Study Guide Chap1 – ways the sacred is understood Polytheism- the belief in many gods Monotheism- the belief in one god Pantheism- the belief that everything in the universe is divine Atheism-“not god”; a position asserting that there is no god or gods Agnosticism- “not know”; a position asserting that the existence of god cannot be proven Transcendent-“climbing beyond”; beyond time and space Immanent-existing and operating within nature Chap2- some of the typical patterns in indigenous religions Relation- they have “partnerships” with things in nature, not necessarily worship nature. But in relation to other things in nature, are considered equal and treat with respect Time- ordinary /sacred time; sacred time is cyclical, returning to its origins for renewal Space- ordinary/sacred space; sacred space is the doorway through which the “other world” of gods and ancestors can contact us and we can contact them. Sacred space- center of the universe where we can renew our strength Celebration of origins and of gods- cosmic tales of their origins that are regularly recited or enacted through ritual and dance; some tell how the world originated from a supernatural realm. Their prayer, ritual, and art tend to focus on lesser deities, not always the High God, especially those associated with nature Rituals of respect for ancestors- the dead are commonly venerated out of love and respect and are commonly thought to bring health, wealth, and children. Ritual may include sacrifice for ancestors Chap3 – some important concepts of the Upanishads Brahman-the spiritual essence of the universe Atman-the spiritual essence of all individual human beings Maya-“illusion”; what keeps us from seeing reality correctly; the world, viewed inadequately Karma-the moral law of cause and effect that determines the direction of rebirth Samsara-the everyday world of change and suffering leading to rebirth Moksha- “liberation” from personal limitation, egotism, and rebirth Chap4 – the three jewels of Buddhism The Buddha- can mean the historical Buddha or the Buddha nature- the ideal or highest spiritual potential that exists within all human beings Dharma- the totality of Buddhist teaching Sangha- the community of monks and nuns; when lowercased, sangha refers to an individual monastic community Chap8- the major festivals of Judaism Rosh Hashanah- “beginning of the year”; the celebration of the Jewish New Year, occurring in the seventh lunar month Yom Kippur- Day of Atonement, the most sacred day of the Jewish year Sukkot-“Booths”; a festival in the late autumn that recalls the Jews’ period of wandering in the desert after their exodus from Egypt
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Hanukkah-an early-winter festival recalling the rededication of the Second Temple, celebrated with the lighting of candles for eight days Purim-a joyous festival in early spring that recalls the Jews’ being saved from destruction, as told in the Book of Esther Pesach (Passover)- a joyful spring festival that recalls the Hebrews’ exodus from Egypt and freedom from
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

REL101StudyGuide - REL 101 Study Guide Chap1 ways the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online