REL101StudyGuide - REL 101 Study Guide Chap1 ways the...

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REL 101 Study Guide Chap1 – ways the sacred is understood Polytheism- the belief in many gods Monotheism- the belief in one god Pantheism- the belief that everything in the universe is divine Atheism-“not god”; a position asserting that there is no god or gods Agnosticism- “not know”; a position asserting that the existence of god cannot be proven Transcendent-“climbing beyond”; beyond time and space Immanent-existing and operating within nature Chap2- some of the typical patterns in indigenous religions Relation- they have “partnerships” with things in nature, not necessarily worship nature. But in relation to other things in nature, are considered equal and treat with respect Time- ordinary /sacred time; sacred time is cyclical, returning to its origins for renewal Space- ordinary/sacred space; sacred space is the doorway through which the “other world” of gods and ancestors can contact us and we can contact them. Sacred space- center of the universe where we can renew our strength Celebration of origins and of gods- cosmic tales of their origins that are regularly recited or enacted through ritual and dance; some tell how the world originated from a supernatural realm. Their prayer, ritual, and art tend to focus on lesser deities, not always the High God, especially those associated with nature Rituals of respect for ancestors- the dead are commonly venerated out of love and respect and are commonly thought to bring health, wealth, and children. Ritual may include sacrifice for ancestors Chap3 – some important concepts of the Upanishads Brahman-the spiritual essence of the universe Atman-the spiritual essence of all individual human beings Maya-“illusion”; what keeps us from seeing reality correctly; the world, viewed inadequately Karma-the moral law of cause and effect that determines the direction of rebirth Samsara-the everyday world of change and suffering leading to rebirth Moksha- “liberation” from personal limitation, egotism, and rebirth Chap4 – the three jewels of Buddhism The Buddha- can mean the historical Buddha or the Buddha nature- the ideal or highest spiritual potential that exists within all human beings Dharma- the totality of Buddhist teaching Sangha- the community of monks and nuns; when lowercased, sangha refers to an individual monastic community Chap8- the major festivals of Judaism Rosh Hashanah- “beginning of the year”; the celebration of the Jewish New Year, occurring in the seventh lunar month Yom Kippur- Day of Atonement, the most sacred day of the Jewish year Sukkot-“Booths”; a festival in the late autumn that recalls the Jews’ period of wandering in the desert after their exodus from Egypt
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Hanukkah-an early-winter festival recalling the rededication of the Second Temple, celebrated with the lighting of candles for eight days Purim-a joyous festival in early spring that recalls the Jews’ being saved from destruction, as told in the Book of Esther Pesach (Passover)- a joyful spring festival that recalls the Hebrews’ exodus from Egypt and freedom from
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REL101StudyGuide - REL 101 Study Guide Chap1 ways the...

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