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Lecture 11 - Meta

Lecture 11 - Meta - Things need to be shared to...

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!"#$%&' ( !)*#+, .$/ 0)1%'2%& ( 0) *%%# $) 2&"*3 245% 2))67 ( 8/+$ $) &%1"7%9 ( :%+#"*37 ( ;%<$5&%7 ( :%+#"*3 75''+&, $/"7 =%%69 &%>%<$ )* ,)5& )=* =&"$"*3 ?%+&7 Introduction Comm+The person Focus on the person How people interact Program splits into three Focus on mass media But what about interpersonal communications? Example of salesman loosing langauge Things need to be shared to communicate Importance of CULTURE The cycle of culture/language/interaction Introduction to studying conversation Where do conversation topics come from? What do you talk about Four aspects of topic Local resources Stepwise topic refinement Conversations in a sequence Knowledge management Harvey Sacks: conversation analysis Approach Method to studying conversation Order in di ! erent parts of our conversation Conversation is an orderly business Silverman's chapter Harvey Sacks Presidental debates Forum where reputations are made or fade Even when we do stu ! its organized in talk Much of our shared lives with others are conversation Why study conversation? Studying naturally occuring conversations Tries to write down the pauses and tone changes Write down where talk overlaps Transcription notation Focus on small clips Greetings Simplest conversation: Hello /Hello Notable absence Simpler conversation Hello / <silence> A RULE of conversation Other adjacency pairs: Question/answer, Invitation/ Acceptance Agency pairs Or: overlaps kept to a minimum Phone calls: only one person speaks at once We take turns in conversation. Using: turn completion units We take a turn in conversation. When it ends another person can speak, or we can continue A rule of conversation Turn Taking We listen to what people say and use that in deciding what to say next Each turn 'projects the next' e.g. questions And depends on the earlier for its sense e.g. answers Sequentual Organization of talk Conversation analysis Influences: Peers, parents, biology Why do we act the way we do Even in language we are 'him' or 'her' Influences choices people make: e.g. what course to study Could you go without gender? Or just two groups that we're a member of? often psychology follows this route "natural attitude' to gender is that it's biological Gender is it a biological thing? e.g. housework Individuals do gender West and Zimmerman: gender is part of our interactions and behaviour not as consistent as you'd think Inter-sexed people Sex is 'biological facts' E.g. sweden Cultural variations in gendered behaviour Two master identities? Gender is how we behave Gender vs Sex Introduction to gender It is individuals that do gender Sex: the determination of people by biology Sex category: the category we are allocated into Gender: the activity of managing one's gender A female with a penis Agnes learnt 'how to be a woman' Agnes shows that it's the signs of gender we react to not sex Agnes General rule: if you can see something as x see it as x When we act we are accountable to others And accountable as a man or a woman Men and women aren't classes but processes Men might like a clean house but it's not how they perform their gender Housework Examples West and Zimmerman
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