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Unformatted text preview: !"#$%&' ( !)*#+, .$/ 0)1%'2%& ( 0) *%%# $) 2&"*3 245% 2))67 ( 8/+$ $) &%1"7%9 ( :%+#"*37 ( ;%<$5&%7 ( :%+#"*3 75''+&, $/"7 =%%69 &%>%<$ )* ,)5& )=* =&"$"*3 ?%+&7 Introduction Comm+The person Focus on the person How people interact Program splits into thre Focus on mas media But what about interpersonal communications? Example of salesman lo sing langauge Things ne d to be shared to communicate Importance of CULTURE The cycle of culture/language/interaction Introduction to studying conversation Where do conversation topics come from? What do you talk about Four aspects of topic Local resources Stepwise topic re¡nement Conversations in a sequence Knowledge management Harvey Sacks: conversation analysis Ap roach Method to studying conversation Order in di ! erent parts of our conversation Conversation is an orderly busines Silverman's chapter Harvey Sacks Presidental debates Forum where reputations are made or fade Even when we do stu ! its organized in talk Much of our shared lives with others are conversation Why study conversation? Studying natural y oc uring conversations Tries to write down the pauses and tone changes Write down where talk overlaps Transcription notation Focus on smal clips Gre tings Simplest conversation: Hel o /Hel o Notable absence Simpler conversation Hel o / <silence> A RULE of conversation Other adjacency pairs: Question/answer, Invitation/ Ac eptance Agency pairs Or: overlaps kept to a minimum Phone cal s: only one person speaks at once We take turns in conversation. Using: turn completion units We take a turn in conversation. When it ends another person can speak, or we can continue Pauses Tone End of sentence Turns identi¡ed by We can predict when turns are going to ¡nish and 'jump right in' A rule of conversation Turn Taking We listen to what people say and use that in deciding what to say next Each turn 'projects the next' e.g. questions And depends on the earlier for its sense e.g. answers Sequentual Organization of talk Conversation analysis Infuences: Pe rs, parents, biology Why do we act the way we do Even in language we are 'him' or 'her' Infuences choices people make: e.g. what course to study Could you go without gender? Or just two groups that we're a member oF? oFten psychology Fol ows this route "natural at itude' to gender is that it's biological Gender is it a biological thing? e.g. housework Individuals do gender West and Zimmerman: gender is part oF our interactions and behaviour not as consistent as you'd think Inter-sexed people Sex is 'biological Facts' E.g. sweden Cultural variations in gendered behaviour Two master identities? Gender is how we behave Gender vs Sex Introduction to gender It is individuals that do gender Sex: the determination oF people by biology Sex category: the category we are al ocated into Gender: the activity oF managing one's gender A Female with a penis Agnes learnt 'how to be a woman' Agnes shows that it's the signs of gender we react to not sex Agnes General rule: iF you can se something as x se it as x...
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course COHI 100 taught by Professor Brown,barrya. during the Fall '08 term at UCSD.
- Fall '08