Lecture 16 - Research Methods

Lecture 16 - Research Methods - Research Methods COHI100...

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Research Methods COHI100
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Research methods Where do all these papers that we’ve read come from? How do researchers Fnd out about the world? They use research methods
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Introduction to methods DURING THANKSGIVING: FIELDWORK ASSIGNMENT
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What are research methods? If you wanted to Fnd out about facebook you could: a) talk to 3 of your friends b) talk to the people who own facebook c) Interview 30 students from 3 universities, then get them to keep diaries about how they use facebook and interview them about how it has in±uenced their life
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More information about diverse experiences Close to the people who use facebook Over a period of time Use existing ways of doing research: ‘interview’ ‘keep diaries’ Reliable ways of Fnding out about things a) Interview 30 students from 3 universities, then get them to keep diaries about how they use facebook and interview them about how it has in±uenced their life
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Research methods Established ways of Fnding things out about the world You don’t have to invent a new way of studying the world Rely on the help of experts Makes your results authoritative
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Qualitative Quantitate Details and stories Overview and numbers
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Both qualitative and quantitate are valuable tools Quantitate (numerical) methods allow you to survey a large number of people e.g. opinion polls Qualitative methods allow you to understand in depth why people do certain things e.g. What the nature of tecnical work is - and how photocopiers get repaired
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Questionnaires Q. Would you rather have one car today or two cars in one years time? Q. What effects do you think a recession would have on your family? Q. Do you think the government should pass a Fnancial stimulus package? Q. Would you be happy to vote for a black candidate for president?
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Detailed analysis Numbers give you a great overview but little explanation Why do people do certain things? Why do goths dress in black? Why are people racist?
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What sort of research methods? Ethnography Going out and observing what happens in a setting and talking to people about what they do Participant observation Interviews Interviewing people about what they do and why
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Ethnography Going into places and fnding out how people do things Ethno = people graphy = study oF “Trying to see the world through the eyes oF its participants”
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Very powerful tool for uncovering what actually goes on in complex situations (e.g. air trafFc control, video game playing etc.) By observing what goes on we can understand better how things Ft together rather than just trying to understand one part in isolation
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So what do you do? Go in there and hang around
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course COHI 100 taught by Professor Brown,barrya. during the Fall '08 term at UCSD.

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Lecture 16 - Research Methods - Research Methods COHI100...

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