The Roaring 20s - T he Roaring 20s I In t roduction A In...

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The Roaring 20s!! I. Introduction A. In general, the 1920s was a decade filled with sharp contrasts … Speak easy night clubs Modern science v. Fundamentalism Economic boom v. financial bust Popular heroes v. villains B. Americans turned inward after WWI . . . Thus closing borders brought a homegrown prosperity incomes and living standards rose for many. As some have said . . . the twenties roared! Yet, . . . II. The Red Scare of 1919-1920 A. With the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 that brought Vladimir Lenin to power spurred a commonwealth in America and B. Thus a Nationwide crusade against left-wingers began whose Americanism was suspect . . . Attorney Gen. A. Mitchell Palmer, the “Fighting Quaker.” Establish within the Dept. of Justice the General Intelligence Division, headed by a young J. Edgar Hoover … C. More alarm was made when terrorists bombed/attempted to kill John D. Rocketfeller, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. and Attorney Gen. A. Mitchell Palmer! D. The red scare was embraced by business people who used it to break up unions – “Sovietism in disguise.” Thus, business called for “open shops” (as opposed to “closed shops” meaning an all union shops E. The Sacco and Vanzetti case demonstrates this red scare and anti-foreignism. In April of 1920 . . . Soon Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were charged with the crime, and . . . III. The New KKK
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A. Anew KKK emerges out of the postwar reaction, yet very different from its predecessor during the Reconstruction era . . . by William J. Simmons, a former preacher B. Now, the KKK focused on being antiforeign, anti-Catholic, anti-black, anti-Jewish, anti-pacifist, anti-communist, anti-bootlegger, anti-birth control, etc . . . Were pro-Saxon, pro-Native Americas, and pro-Protestant C. It grew rapidly, especially in the Midwest and the “Bible Belt” South . . . D. It collapsed in the late 1920s . . . With about 5 million members
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The Roaring 20s - T he Roaring 20s I In t roduction A In...

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