Chapter 27 notes - Rocco, Antonella Tradition And Change In...

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Rocco, Antonella Tradition And Change In East Asia The quest for political stability The Yaun Dynasty came to an end in 1368. The Ming and then the Qing rulers went very far to erase all remains of Mongol cultural elements and to restore Chinese tradition. They built a powerful imperial state, revived and staffed the civil service system with Confucian scholars, and promoted Confucian thought. They produced a deeply conservative government whose goal was to maintain stability in a large, agrarian state. They were successful for more than half a millennium. The Ming Dynasty Ming government o 1368-1644 o Restored traditional Chinese rule o Hongwu was founder o Tried to drive out any Mongol influence o Used mandarins to travel through the empire to make sure policy was being followed o Also used eunuchs who were loyal to the gov’t because they couldn’t have families o The Emperor Yongle used the navy to expand and show China’s power o Kept powerful army to keep out invaders in the early years o Mongol armies defeated them several times The Great Wall o Later emperors added to, refurbished and built more of the Great Wall through the northern regions to keep out invaders o Had watch towers and places for soldiers to stay o Extended about 1,550 miles o Ming leaders encouraged Chinese people to get rid of Mongol names and style of clothing o Brought back the Confucian education system, colleges, and academies o Restored the civil service exam. Ming Decline o Problems began to weaken the state in mid 1500’s o Pirates and smugglers operated along the coast – navy proved ineffective against them o Would loot cities and sometime kill people o It took 40 years to bring them down o Later emperors lived lives that were too extravagant – palace called Forbidden City o Some emperors ignored government affairs o Powerful eunuchs used the power to enrich their lives o Became corrupt and inefficient and led to a weakened state Ming Collapse o Famines then hit China in the early 17th century o Gov’t couldn’t bring relief to the people
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o 1640’s peasant rebellions organized resistance against Ming o Manchu armies invaded from the North – allied with Ming army and crushed rebellion o However, they then didn’t restore Ming rule and took over themselves The Qing Dynasty The Manchus o When Ming fell, Manchus poured into China o Declared a new dynasty – Qing (pure) o Ruled from 1644-1911 o From north of China – had been pastoral nomads o A chief named Nurhaci unified them into a centralized state o Developed law code o Organized powerful army o Manchu armies captured Korea and Mongolia o Finally seized Beijing in 1644 o Fought Ming loyalists for 40 years o Early mid 1680’s they were firmly in control o Many Chinese had supported the Manchu – tired of Ming rule o Manchu rulers learned Chinese and studied Confucian education o Many times got more respect from the scholar-bureaucrats than they had given the Ming o Manchu preserved their own culture by:
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2011 for the course HISTORY GEA2000 taught by Professor Mr.adesina during the Spring '11 term at Broward College.

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Chapter 27 notes - Rocco, Antonella Tradition And Change In...

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