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study guide - Rocco Antonella Study Guide 1 Prehistory The...

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Rocco, Antonella Study Guide 1. Prehistory The Neolithic age. 2. Lateen sail Sail shaped like a triangle. 3. Neolithic Revolution Age that started using new tools – Stone Age. 4. Artisan Skilled workers, particularly those who work with Gold, Silver, or Copper. 5. Patrician Upper-class people of Rome. 6. Nirvana Reaching the state Enlightenment. 7. Cuneiform The first form of writing. Invented by the Sumerians. 8. Citizen An inhabitant of a city or town 9. Hajj Journey to Mecca that every Muslim must make. (5 th Pillar of Islam). 10. Feudalism Form of government that specialized in land and protection (kings, knights) 11. Crusades Holy War over Christian lands. 12. Daimyo Second highest ruler in Japan. 13. Mercantilism Trading Mercenaries from other countries. 14. Divine Right The belief that God gave the ruler the right no rule. 15. Indulgence When people pay the Christian church for God to forgive their sins. 16. Absolutism Divine Right 17. Estate The land that someone owns. 18. Armistice A truce. 19. Neo-Confucianism Combination of Confucius and Buddhist ideas. 20. Imperialism Expansion of European powers and their colonization of Africa. 21. Communism A social system in which the government owns all property, and divides it. 22. Laissez-faire
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An economic theory from the 18th century that is strongly to any government intervention in business affairs 23. Ideology A belief. 24. Pax Romana Time of Roman Government stability. 25. Satellite A moon around another planet. 26. Appeasement British and French policy to keep peace in Europe. 27. Fascism Regenerate the social, political, and cultural life of societies. 28. Propaganda The use of media to change peoples political views, 29. Bourgeoisie Middle-class in modern industrial society. 30. Division of labor When everyone in a society has to work the same amount. 31. Covenant An agreement between two or more persons to do or not to do something 32. Containment Notion that the US would stop the spread of Communism. 33. Nation The term has historically referred to a community of people who share a common history, language, culture, ancestry and/ or territory 34. State – Commonly refers to either the present condition of a system or entity, or to a governed entity or sub-entity, such as a nation or province 35. Nation-State – A state that self-identifies as deriving its political legitimacy from serving as a sovereign entity for a country as a sovereign territorial unit. 36. State-Nation When people are of one nation. 1. What is B.C.E.? C.E.? Before Common Era Common Era (year 0) 2. What is B.C.? Before Christ 3. What are Primary Sources? Sources that were at the event. 4. What are secondary sources?
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