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chap13 - according to God's will Henry VIII Often-married...

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Sarah Otto Western Civilization Section 2 Mr. Dunckel November 23, 2010 Chapter 13 Keyterms Martin Luther- A German monk who led the Reformation movement. At the center of his ideas is the doctrine, “justification by faith alone” which challenged many of the medieval practices of the Catholic Church. Lutheranism- Branch of Protestantism that followed Martin Luther's (1483-1546) rejection of the Roman Catholic "doctrine of works." The Praise of Folly- 1511 satire by Erasmus that attacked the corruption of the papacy. The Diet of Worms- Examination of Luther by a church council in 1521 which condemned him. Luther was rescued by Frederick of Saxony. Anabaptists- Swiss Protestant movement that insisted that only adults could choose to be baptized Christians. The first generation, who had been baptized as infants according to Catholic practice, were "re-baptized," hence the name. John Calvin- French-born Protestant theologian who stressed the predestination of all human fate
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Unformatted text preview: according to God's will. Henry VIII- Often-married English monarch who broke with the Roman Catholic church when the pope refused to grant him an annulment. The resulting modified version of Christianity became the Church of England, or Anglicanism. Mary Tudor- Catholic daughter of Henry VIII, Called "Bloody Mary" for her violent suppression of Protestants during her five-year reign. Elizabeth I- Protestant daughter of Henry VIII. During her long reign, details of the new Anglican church were standardized to encompass a broad variety of beliefs. Council of Trent- Intermittent meeting of Catholic leaders 1545-1563 that reaffirmed Catholic doctrine but sought to minimize abuses within the church that Protestant reformers had denounced. Society of Jesus- Also called the Jesuit order, a group of priests influenced by military discipline. Founded by Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) and still very active in the field of education....
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