chap16 - the Catholic Church and he was forced to retract...

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Sarah Otto Western Civilization Section 2 January 27, 2011 Chapter 16 Heliocentric- A sun-centered view of the planetary system, which displaced the Earth from the center of the universe. Aristotelian- The system of thought based on the ideas of the Greek philosopher Aristotle; ideas distinguished between the works of humans and those of nature and posited that as God’s creation, nature belonged to a different higher order. Nicholas Copernicus- (1473-1543) Polish astronomer who advanced the radical idea that the Earth moved around the sun in De Revolutionibus . Galileo Galilei- (1564-1642) Italian physicist and inventor; the implications of his ideas raised the ire of
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Unformatted text preview: the Catholic Church and he was forced to retract most of his findings. Discourse on method- Philosophical treatise by Rene Descartes (1596-1650) proposing that the path to knowledge was through logical speculation beginning with one’s own self, “I think, therefore I am.” Scientific Societies- Organizations that emerged in the 17 th century to promote the improvement of scientific knowledge, experiments, and collaboration by the scientists and philosophers. Francis Bacon- (1561-1626) British philosopher and scientist who pioneered the scientific method and inductive reasoning....
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Fall '08 term at Central Mich..

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