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chapter 1 book notes

chapter 1 book notes - Hallo Founder of the APA...

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Hall- o Founder of the APA Structuralism: o Edward Titchener o Based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related (sensations, feelings and images) Introspection: the careful, systematic self-observation of one’s own conscious experience Functionalism: o Based on the belief that psychology should inestigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure o William jaames Interested in how people adapt their behavior to the demands of the real world around them Freud o The unconscious contains thoughts, memories and desires that are well below the surface of conscious awareness but that nonetheless exert great influence on behavior Watson o Behaviorism is a theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only obserevable behavior Nature versus nurture Nurture- by environment and experience Nature- genetic inheritance (are things born or made)
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