Psych 230 Study Guide for Exam II

Psych 230 Study Guide for Exam II - bject and show distress...

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buzzing confusion” l Recent research suggests that infants perceive a wide variety of sights very early. l 3 Types of Visual Perception studied ˇ Pattern Perception ˇ ˇ Depth Perception Pattern Perception l Infants aged 2 months and older can discriminate patterns similar to adults - even highly complex ones l Infants from 0-2 months, however, can only discriminate moderately complex patterns. ˇ These infants can see and prefer: – High contrast / moderately complex patterns – Curvilinear rather than linear patterns d sour flavors suck to sweet flavors al Development in d processing is less perceptually we get older ttention ontrol attention by focusing eing less distractable get better at ignoring irrelevant nvironment ion-like game Pictures of re hidden behind flaps. With l was a second object. 7, 10, 13 were tested. mals improved with age. other objects declined with age. how? in ability to focus and select out task ls. l Changes in Adulthood sensory decline ensory and perceptual declines le. ome degree of decline in people. of changes occur? ensory thresholds. More energy tect a stimulus (sight, sound, Means-End Behavior l At Beginning of Sensorimotor stage – Children have no goals or intentions to their behavior l Middle of Stage (4-8 months) – Inititate behavior w/a goal in mind » Shake a rattle to hear it l End of Stage (18-24 months) – Attain goals thru mental planning Imitation l Beginning of Sensorimotor Stage (0-1mo) – Infant’s cannot imitate others l Middle of Sensorimotor Stage (8-12 mos) – Infants will imitate adults but only with body parts they can see on themselves (no faces) l End of Sensorimotor Stage (18-24 mos) – Deferred Imitation emerge Pre-operational Period -- roughly 2-7 yrs. l Primary Accomplishment – Child has acquired symbolic thought » Child can use symbols (images, words, actions) to stand for something else » Child can use symbolic skills to acquire new beahviors Using a shoe for a hammer Pre-Operational Stage l Primary Deficiency Inability to solve Conservation Tasks l Conservation is: the ability to understand that basic properties of an object (weight, volume) remain constant when the object is changed perceptually uaging the amount of assistance given depending a learner’s level of need x. Early in learning we give more direction and aise, as children catch on we give less direction rivate Speech erbal comments children make to themselves to ide and regulate their behavior ventually children internalize comments as silent f-talk iewed language as necessary for any higherorder gnition such as planning and problemsolving isagreed strongly w/Piaget here who believed s speech was egocentric and nonsocial ow might you use Vygotsky’s heory in Education? hildren can learn thru Assisted Discovery
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Psych 230 Study Guide for Exam II - bject and show distress...

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