Beatriz_Schilling_C10_BI_Worksheet.docx - Beatriz Schilling Mr Hamels American Government Xavier High School CHAPTER TEN \u2013 CONGRESS BIG IDEA WORKSHEET

Beatriz_Schilling_C10_BI_Worksheet.docx - Beatriz Schilling...

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Beatriz Schilling Mr. Hamels American Government Xavier High School C HAPTER T EN – C ONGRESS B IG I DEA W ORKSHEET S TUDY G UIDE Section One: The National Legislature (p 262-265) Our Congress is bicameral , which means that it is made up of two houses or chambers. (p 262) This structure was selected for three reasons: 1. historical The British parliament had consisted of two houses since the 1300’s (p 262) Of the states, all but Georgia and Pennsylvania had two houses in their legislatures by 1787 (p 263) Today, only Nebraska has a single house legislature (p263) 2. practical A two-chambered body settled a conflict between Virginia and New Jersey Plan (p 263) The states wanted to distributes seats in Congress in proportion to the population (p 263) Smaller states demanded an equal voice in Congress (p 263) 3. theoretical The Framers knew that one house might act as a check on the other (p 263) Each term in Congress will last for 2 years. (p 264) Originally, each new term began on March 4 , though that date was changed to January 3 by the 20th Amendment in 1933 . (p 264) Each term is broken into 2 sessions. (p 264) While Congress may remain in session for most of the year, each house will recess for several short periods during a session. (p 265) Neither house may prorogue without the consent of the other. (p 265) The President may call Congress into special session to deal with emergencies. (p 265) This last happened in 1948 , when President Harry Truman called one to deal with the aftermath of WWII. (p 265)
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C HAPTER T EN – C ONGRESS B IG I DEA W ORKSHEET S TUDY G UIDE Section Two: The House of Representatives (p 267-273) The House of Representatives has 435 members, though that number is not fixed by the Constitution . (p 267) The size of the House increased with every census until 1929 . (p 268)
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