10-01-1 sporadic E layers

10-01-1 sporadic E layers - "WEATHER IN THE UPPER...

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"WEATHER" IN THE UPPER ATMOSPHERE In addition to regular solar cycle, seasonal, and diurnal variations, the upper atmosphere experiences "weather" events which are driven by: n Weather from the lower atmosphere n Space weather largely due to solar disturbances k Transient intrusions by meteoroids and man-made missiles or rockets The Impact of Upper Atmospheric Variability Internet Resources Space Weather Prediction Center Windows to the Universe Goddard Space Flight Center's Space Weather: The components Space Weather Basics webcast Ionospheric Prediction Service (IPS) Radio & Space Services SpaceWeather.Com Recent article in the San Diego Union-Tribune Link page to more space weather resources Space Weather Advisories NOAA Space Weather Scales Solar Proton Events since 1976 Earth-orbiting satellite positions Space weather victims List of Affected Systems Radio Communications Military Defense Search-and-Rescue Operations Navigational Systems (For info on GPS , the Global Positioning System; more detail yet )
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Satellites Astronauts Geologic Exploration Electric Power Pipelines Auroral Displays Animals Climate "Weather Events" in the Upper Atmosphere The upper atmosphere is a host to a variety of "weather events" or disturbances which are most readily apparent by their effects on radio communication, by unusual auroral displays or by fluctuations in the magnetic field at the surface of the Earth. Since
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