Chapter 1 The Wave Function

Chapter 1 The Wave Function - Chapter 1 The Wave Function...

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Chapter 1 The Wave Function Section 1.1 Wave-Particle duality Section 1.2 Schrödinger’s equation Section 1.3 Statistical interpretation Section 1.4 Position and Momentum S ti 1 5 Th t i t i i l Section 1.5 The uncertainty principle 2009/9/14
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Section 1.1 Wave-Particle duality
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Section 1.1 Wave-Particle duality 19 世纪末 世纪末: 粒子性:物质是由粒子(原子 电子 )组成 粒子性:物质是由粒子(原子,电子,。。。)组成, 它的运动由牛顿定律决定的; 波动性:光是一种波,具有干涉、衍射特性。 Maxwell’s equations of electromagnetic fields; Hertz experiments of light Thomas Young's sketch of two-slit as electromagnetic fields diffraction of waves , 1803.
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Section 1.1 Wave-Particle duality 光也是一种粒子 : 1905 Einstein’s light quantum – photon 光子概念的提出 1923 Compton’s scattering experiment 确立 光也是一种粒子 Compton s scattering experiment 光也是 种粒子 电子也是一种波 : 1913 B h ’ t th 对应原理 1913- Bohr’s quantum theory :对应原理 Sommerfeld 量子化条件 , 1,2,3, pdq nh n = = " v
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