Organic 2 Review Problem 332

Organic 2 Review Problem 332 - catalogue of the compounds...

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PART III REACTIONS AND IDENTIFICATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS THE following pages contain an account of the chief reactions of the commoner organic compounds, arranged in a series of short sections with a view to the identification of an unknown organic compound. The first nine sections contain various preliminary tests which should be applied to an unknown compound in order to obtain general information with regard to its identity. Each of the remaining seventeen sections is devoted to one class of organic compound, and a description is given of the general reactions of members of this class and then of any important special reactions which individual members may show. Only the commoner members of each class are described, because it is considered desirable that students should get a thorough grasp of the reactions of these members before they proceed to wider and more ambitious schemes for the identification of organic com- pounds. The following is a list of the sections, together with a complete
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Unformatted text preview: catalogue of the compounds included: SECTION: 1. Heating on a crucible lid. 2. Identification of elements present. 3. Heating with soda-lime. 4. Treatment with sodium hydroxide solution. 5. Treatment with sodium carbonate solution. 6. Treatment with concentrated sulphuric acid. 7. Reactions and colorations with ferric chloride solution. 8. Reaction with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine. 9. Reactions with hydroxylamine. 10. Alcohols. Methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, propan-2-ol, n-butanol, glycol, glycerol, benzyl alcohol, cyclohexanoL 11. Phenols. Phenol, o-, m-and p-cresol, catechol, resorcinol, hydro-quinone (and other nuclear substituted phenols), i-and 2-naphthoL 12. Aldehydes. Formaldehyde, metaformaldehyde, acetaldehyde, par al-dehyde, chloral hydrate, benzaldehyde, salicylaldehyde (and other substituted benzaldehydes). 13. Ketones. Acetone, ethyl methyl ketone, diethyl ketone, acetophenone,...
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2011 for the course CHM 2211 taught by Professor Castalleano during the Fall '06 term at University of Florida.

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