Notes Oct 20 - Thinking & Motivation

Notes Oct 20 - Thinking & Motivation - Review(all...

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Review (all on test) Memory retrieval failures 7 sins of memory mnemonics method of loci natural language mediators remember names flashbulb memories state dependent learning ___ Thinking and Intelligence Thinking cognitive process of manipulating information from the senses and long-term memory mental representations of information form the basic building blocks for thought we group/organize these mental representations via concepts encoding: categorization or labeling of specific information concepts basic structure for the organization/grouping of information two flavors: natural: use empirically derived information and experiences to create these labels artificial: predefined labels that are handed to you via some secondary source not the result of your observations hierarchy of labels each label has sub labels animal - mammal - canine - boxer Imagery and cognitive maps the thought process relies heavily on the manipulation of mental representations which tend to take the form of images we have the ability to manipulate these images and approach them in manners never empirically experienced a special subset of mental images are cognitive maps mental representation of the physical layout of a specific building, town, state, country, etc… Thinking and the brain thinking uses various parts of the brain; there is no specific area of the brain charged with thought instead, we have modules, or specific areas of the brain, that deal with different types of thought or content the frontal lobe oversees most thinking activity believed to provide information about the situation you're in (episode), any context information from the environment, and our response to different types of stimuli also plays a role in intuition
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intuition basing judgments not on conscious, rational thought, but on the emotion attached to them gut feeling about something going off of a hunch based heavily off of implicit information don't know much about the implicit information that goes into those judgments What do we use thinking for? problem solving
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course PSY 111 taught by Professor Cooper during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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Notes Oct 20 - Thinking & Motivation - Review(all...

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