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Textbook notes - : GEO 101 Textbook notes : The Cultural...

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:: GEO 101 Textbook notes :: The Cultural Landscape: Human Geography , by James M. Rubenstein :: “A central theme is a tension b/w… globalization and cultural diversity. Online study guide at www.prenhall.com/rubenstein Ch1 Thinking Geographically Contemporary geography is the scientific study of the location of people and activities across Earth, and the reasons for their distribution . Where? and Why? PLACE is to geographers as TIME is to history. . different/previous subjects affecting others. Geo=where?, history=when?. (See: Immanuel Kant) Globalization —fostered by modern communications and tech., pulls ppl into greater cultural and economical interactions Local diversity —unique cultural traditions + economic practices Geo means “Earth”; graphy “to write” Two Types: 1) Human geography = where/why human activities located where they are (religions, businesses, cities) 2) Physical = where/why natural forces occur as they do (climates, landforms, types of vegetations) THE DISCIPLINE OF GEOGRAPHY SITS AT THE INTERSECTION OF PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE. Map —most important tool; two-dimensional or flat-scale model of Earth’s surface, or a portion of it. ::TWO basic concepts to explain why every place is UNIQUE: 1) PLACE— a specific pt on Earth distinguished by a particular char. Ea. occupies a unique location , or position on Earth. a. Humans have a strong sense of place: a feeling for the distinctiveness of a hometown, vacation spot, etc. b. A toponym is the name given to a place. Named for people, religion, history, pioneer origins, phys features. Change. c. Site is the physical character of a place. Key for selecting settlement location. Situation is the location relative to other places. Relativity. d. Meridians —arcs b/w N + S poles. Measures longitude . 0° thru Greenwich, England = prime meridian . Equator = 12hrs sunlight/day.
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John Harrison developed first portable clock to measure longitude on ships. e. 360° = 15° 24 times… 24 time zones. GMT is Greenwich Mean Time. . Master ref. f. International Date Line at 180°. Add 24hrs going West to Asia. Subtract East. g. Parallels —parallel to equator. Measures latitude . h. Mathematical location more precise with 60 minutes (“) b/w degrees, and 60 seconds (‘) in ea min. 2) REGION— an area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features. Or an area that functions politically, socially, or economically over geographic space. Examples: The Amish Country. Local TV broadcast area. Latin America. The South. Middle East. a. Derives its unified char. thru the cultural landscape .. lang, religion, econ features like agriculture and industry, and physical features. …is the result of culture the agent on natural area the medium. Regional studies seek to find relationships among combo of community’s chars. b.
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Textbook notes - : GEO 101 Textbook notes : The Cultural...

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