Haitian Revolution

Haitian Revolution - Michael Bustin HST 198 Prof Rose Final...

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HST 198 Prof Rose Final Exam Terms Haitian Revolution- Before the Haitian Revolution, the island of Saint Dominque, (now known as Haiti) was a French colony. Though the island was very small, it produced around two-thirds of France’s tropical imports. Also on top of that, it generated around one-third of France’s foreign trade. The reason why the small island became so wealthy and prosperous is because of the slave trade and the subsequent slave plantations on the small Caribbean island. After the news on the Estates General that occurred in Paris in 1789, white plantation and slave owners sent delegations to France seeking more independence from the French government. Not only did the rich white planters send a delegation but the group called gens de couleur sent their own delegates to negotiate with the French government. Members of this group were free colored men and women of Haiti, who sought greater political freedom as well as ending race discrimination. One thing that members of gens de couleur did not want to end was slavery in Haiti, because most of the prosperous members of the group also were slave owners, like the wealthy whites. As the French government began to relax their control over Haiti, the two opposing groups began a bitter confrontation. Recognizing an opening, slaves under Toussaint L’Ouverture began to rebel against their former slave owners. Though they were being rebelled against, the gens de couleur actually back the revolution. The former domestic slave, L’Ouverture led the insurrection successfully in Haiti and freed slaves from all there slave owners. L’Ouverture also defeated a British expeditionary force in 1798. After defeating the British, L’Ouverture led a force into the neighboring island Santo Domingo, and freed slaves on that island. Throughout the whole time though, L’Ouverture tried to maintain his loyalty to the French though he tried to gain independence for his country. However the French still did not respond kindly to L’Ouverture’s loyalty, and Napoleon sent a large military force into Haiti in 1802. The French force quickly gained the upper hand against the Haitian rebels and captured L’Ouverture. L’Ouverture would eventually die in prison, but his death would only inspire the Haitian even more. Like the in the beginning stages of the revolution, slave women joined the arm resistance against the French. The tide of the revolution turned in the Haitians favor when adding to the military victories, the French soldiers began to suffer from the yellow fever and perish. By1804, the island of Haiti became the second independent country in the Western Hemisphere, along with the US. Not only was this a huge win for the Haitians, it showed to other Latin American countries that they could be able to rebel against their imperialistic rulers, and following the Haitian Revolution many similar revolutions occurred in Latin America. Universal Declaration of Human Rights-
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course HST 198 taught by Professor Fahey during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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Haitian Revolution - Michael Bustin HST 198 Prof Rose Final...

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