HST Essay - 1 The Manipulation of Africa By the 17th...

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1 The Manipulation of Africa By the 17 th century Africa became a major part of trade in the world. However their contributions were not all that beneficial to the empires of that continent. This is because by the 17 th century, slave trade had hit its heights. Slave trade flourished because the manipulation of rulers of Africa by Portuguese explorers and the royal family of Portugal. The main reason for this was the need of slaves in the New World to produce the cash crops that easily grew there. Interest in Africa primarily began when Prince Henry of Portugal, otherwise known as Henry the Navigator, became curious in the secluded sub-Saharan part of Africa. He had to reasons to explore Africa, first to convert the mysterious empires of Africa to Christianity and second to make money off trade with these empires. The reason why Henry wanted Africans to adopt Christianity is because he believed that they would join with the Portuguese in a Crusade against Islam and the Ottoman Empire. By the 15 th century Islam and the Ottoman Empire had expanded tremendously. The Ottomans dominated the trade in the West Mediterranean and had opened trade ties to East Africa and dominated most of North Africa. This did not go over well with the Portuguese or the Spanish since Iberian powers had constantly engaged in warfare against Muslims since the 8 th century 1 and were also trying to spread influence not only into the Mediterranean but as well as in Africa. 1. Bulliet, Richard W., Pamela K. Crossley, Daniel R. Headrick, Steven W. Hirsch, Lyman L.  Johnson, and David Northrup.  The Earth and Its People . 4th ed. Vol. 2. Boston:  Wadsworth, 2009. Print. 2. Van Ryneveld, W.S.  Response to Governor Macartney's Questionnaire The Human  Record . By Alfred J. Andrea and James H. Overfield. 6th ed. Vol. 2. Boston: Wadsworth,  2009. 175. Print. 3. Mbemba, Nzinga. "Letters to the King of Portugal."  Sharing the World Stage . By Jane  Slaughter, Melissa K. Bokovoy, Patricia Risso, Ping Yao, and Patricia W. Romero. Vol. 2.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2008. 105-06. Print. 4. Dos Santos, João.  Military Conflict in Southeast Africa Sharing the World Stage . By Jane  Slaughter, Melissa K. Bokovoy, Patricia Risso, Ping Yao, and Patricia W. Romero. Vol. 2.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2008. 107-10. Print. 5. Equiano, Olaudah, Alfred J. Andrea, and James H. Overfield.  The Interesting Narrative of  Olaudah Equiano Written By Himself The Human Record . 6th ed. Vol. 2. Boston:  Wadsworth, 2009. 181-84. Print.
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2 But not only did Henry hope the African empires would join forces with Portugal, he also had aspirations to make a profit off of trade by political and social manipulation of these kingdoms. So after some initial trips which discovered the islands of Madeira (1418) and the Azores (1439), Henry began to
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course HST 198 taught by Professor Fahey during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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HST Essay - 1 The Manipulation of Africa By the 17th...

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