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Treaty of Nanking - Treaty of NankingThe Treaty of Nanking...

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Treaty of Nanking- The Treaty of Nanking was the peace treaty between China and Great Britain in 1842, after the Opium War. The cause of the war was because of two things: the selling of Opium in China and Chinese xenophobia. Opium was smuggled into China by the British from other British colonies, most notably India and the Middle East. In 1729 the first Qing law was put into effect, banning any opium imports. Though there was a banning of the Opium trade and only one port in which the British could trade through, the Opium trade still began to skyrocket. The British could only trade through the port city of Canton, because of the Canton System. This system was set up by the Chinese to make sure that foreigners could not gain control of the country, as well as to keep China isolated from the rest of the world to a certain degree. However this system barely held back a explosion of British products into the country and when Opium began to addict many members of Chinese society, even government officials, it couldn’t stop the illegal trade.
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