Political Science Part Two

Political Science Part Two - Political Science Part Two...

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Political Science Part Two Traditional International System Historically defined global relationships as realists Realism perceives actors within the international system as not bound by external constraints. Understanding Realism in the Traditional System How actors/states use perceptions to define their security, the use of force, types of conflict, and the role of the military. o Nuclear weapons in North Korea and Iran. Forces political action other countries, US demanded North Korea to stop nuclear weapon development and US would give North Korea economic support so North Korea would win either way. Beliefs formed through perceptions by actors shape the structure of the international system and how states use the system and other actors to act in their own self-interest. Realist Actors are driven by: The elimination of insecurity and protection from other actors o Military protection as well as economic protection. Self-Interest is the driving force behind all state behavior Belief that the international system is amoral (state goals matter more than morality). o President of Sudan is only cared about the implementation of their policy instead the lives of his people in Darfur. Understandings of a hierarchical and stratified structure in which actors are constantly engaged in conflict with one another. Traditional International System Foreign Policy Patterns of interactions among actors shape the formation of policy objectives which further state interests and goals The Dynamics of Foreign Policy
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Domestically determined needs The perception of the behaviors displayed by other actors Their perceptions of the motivations and intentions of other actors The reshuffling of foreign policy imperatives and the restructuring of international order is based on the actions of other states. The state is considered the main actor within the international system. State to state interactions o Diplomacy Collective Entities o IMF, UN, World Bank Multinational Corporations o Coca-Cola, Wal-Mart and McDonalds There is no supranational actor international world government. No entity enforces rules that dictate the actions of states o European Union States in the system still retain their sovereignty o Supreme authority over a given territory Enforcement mechanisms such as economic sanctions are considered compulsory o States agree to international sanctions to punish actor’s behavior International Anarchy Is understood as the absence of formal institutions and the decentralization of power and authority. Restraints are placed on the actions of actors emerge from two primary sources Domestic sources o Public Opinion o Natural and material resources
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o Geography o Culture External Sources o The influence of actors in the international system o Seeks to prevent the rise of a hegemonic power The presence of international conflicts and security is also prevalent in an anarchic system. Realists believe that conflict is an inevitable consequence of anarchy
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course POL 271 taught by Professor Yuvaci during the Fall '07 term at Miami University.

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Political Science Part Two - Political Science Part Two...

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