American Catholicism

American Catholicism - American Catholicism The 19th...

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American Catholicism: The 19 th Century
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Nueva España & Nouvelle France
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The California Missions Part of Spanish imperial plan Franciscan Junípero Serra 1770s 21 from San Diego to San Francisco Indians induced to resettle Program of Europeanization
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Maryland Colony 1634, Ark & Dove Calvert family (Lords Baltimore ) Refuge for English Catholics Broad religious tolerance Lose control to Anglicans
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Aristocratic Presence Slave-holding Jesuits Mass in private homes John Carroll & Charles Carroll of Carrollton Largest concentration of RCs in new nation in MD & PA
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Bishop John Carroll (1735-1815) Jesuit; Belgian educated Accompanies Ben Franklin & Chas. Carroll to Montréal 1776 Enlightenment: favors church/state separation, religious tolerance
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1790 elected 1 st US RC bishop by clergy Archbishop of Baltimore 1808 Founds 1 st US RC seminary, Mt. St. Mary’s
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course REL 101 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '10 term at Miami University.

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American Catholicism - American Catholicism The 19th...

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