Final Relgion Paper

Final Relgion Paper - Bustin |1 Michael Bustin Professor...

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B u s t i n | 1 Michael Bustin Professor Poirier Religion 101 4 th May 4, 2010 African American Hybridity: The Spread of Christianity within the Slave Populations The Middle Passage and the Atlantic Slave Trade was a major point in world history. The trading of slaves from Western Africa to the Americas brought forth the creation and adaptation of the Christian faith by the slaves and their cultures. Variations of Christianity were being developed during the time of slavery. These variations are Haitian Vodou, Cuban Santeria and churches of the “invisible institution”. Slavery became the center of trade in 17 th and 18 th century after the colonization of the New World. People from Africa including people of the Fon, Ewe, Yoruba and Bantu tribes of West Africa were crammed into ships and sold in the New World as slaves 1 . This forced the exchange of cultures between different groups of people, because slave traders tried to separate tribesman and family from each other 1 . Raboteau acknowledges this in his book and says that, “as a result of this massive movement of people, Africans contributed not only their labor, but also their culture, music, dance, language, art, and religion to the multiracial and multicultural societies that constituted in this sense a truly new world” (Raboteau 14). 1. Class Notes 2. Raboteau pg. 17 3. Textbook (Chapter 2)
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B u s t i n | 2 By exchanging their cultures, it revealed that most African cultures and religions shared a same base idea. This idea was that there was one creator god named Deus Otiosus 1 . They also shared the idea that, “religion provided Africans with rituals to celebrate important events in life, such as birth, coming of age, marriage, and death” (Raboteau 16). This shared base of African cultures allowed many Africans to find middle ground with each other. After awhile many plantation owners grappled with the idea on whether or not to convert their slaves to Christianity. Some owners decided not to convert their slaves, in fear that the slaves would revolt because Christianity preached spiritual equality 1 . But slave owners as a whole could not stop the spread of Christianity into the ranks of slaves due to the increased activity in missionaries 1 . However, “hindered from learning to read and write by law or by
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course REL 101 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '10 term at Miami University.

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Final Relgion Paper - Bustin |1 Michael Bustin Professor...

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