medieval ages - 11/2-The Middle Ages of Europe...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
11/2-The Middle Ages of Europe Medieval-from the Latin word of “middle ages” Periodization: Early M.A.- c.500-c.1000 High or Central M.A.- c.1000-c.1300 Later M.A. – c.1300-1500 Italian renaissance c. 1300-1500 How did a King Rule? Merovingian Dynasty: settle in modern France by the franks, valleys of seine and north. Unite most of France through conquest and become dominant kingdom in continental Europe. Establish feudal society later on in Europe. Clovis I: (c.466-511) Elected king, based off of military strength and ability expands kingdom to most of western and into central Europe. Converts to Christianity, history recalled through Gregory of Tours (Catholic Bishop). Story of church’s wine vase contrasts the standard of a king not being able to take loot. Converted to Aryan Heresy, uses his conversion to ally with church, assist in conquest etc. -No concept of a “state” -Limits of the Germanic Traditions -Limits of the general conditions of Europe -Role of the Church -King began to conquest land and thusly reward individuals with land as the beginnings of feudalism. People became self-sufficient locally as they never truly knew when invasion would come Feudal: a way or organizing society into three separate parts in terms of land economy and government. Grew in times of unpredictable warfare in times of non-literate, non- urban and low population. Land has become the basis of all status, wealth, and power. Land is either exchanged for military service or farming w/food tribute. There is no land ownership, only lent and exchanged. From kings-Nobles (defense)- Peasants (food/military service) Peasants (free or serf): serfs are peasants, who cannot pay taxes, Nobles: (Knights) the fighting noblemen Lord and Vassal relationship: an owner of land vs. land being lent, Clovis’ Grandchildren: civil war/decentralization
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Charles Martel: Mayor of the Palace, military leader, battle of tours leads army is more powerful than king, and army elects him as king and pope supports. How does a king rule? Pepin the Short (741) Charlemagne (768-814) 11/8/10: -Charlemagne’s reign and achievements including the “Carolingian Renaissance” -How does one man (Charlemagne) help to shape Europe? Charles the Great: “the Ideal Medieval King” begins to standardize government and took European culture to the highest limits, fosters a renaissance of Roman culture. Military achievements/territorial : over a period of 46 years he has 54 separate campaigns, conquers territories of northern Italy, France, and Western Germany. Frequent rebellion of Saxon forces caused by their refusal to accept Christianity. Charlemagne massacred Verdun and 1/3 of every Saxon, known for being at the front of charges much like Alexander. Government:
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This document was uploaded on 09/20/2011.

Page1 / 15

medieval ages - 11/2-The Middle Ages of Europe...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online