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Unformatted text preview: 1914-PresentI.IntroductionMost historians agree that analyzing the marker events and important patterns in recent years is more difficult than assessing the earlier periods, largely because we dont know yet what the full consequences of the present and recent past will be.The process of identifying the most important events and trends is by its very nature a tentative one.Each era builds on the developments of the previous one, and the era of 1914 to the present began with the important marker event of WWI.Before 1914 the world was dominated by western powers.This global power resulted form 3 interrelated changes that occurred during the era form 1750-1914:o1. The formation of nation states- governments were better able to mobilize popular support for their ambitious economic and political endeavors.o2. The industrial revolution- increased production and technological capacity dramatically and provided a market incentive to control other areas of the world.o3. Imperialism- divided countries into have and have not categories increased inequalities.At the turn of the 20thc. the British Empire, France, the Netherlands and Germany were strong Imperialists.However, tensions were building among them as had happened before in Europe, but they also succeeded in avoiding conflicts.By the early 20thc. European dominance of the globe increased competitiveness among the continents nations, leading to two great wars that ended the imperialist world order of the 19thc.The pace of change quickened significantly after 1914 so even though this era has not run quite 100 years so far, dynamics of interactions among societies are radically different today than they were in the early 20thc. Although we cannot know the future consequences of events of this period of world history, clearly some important developing patterns are shaping the worlds continuing story.Whats happening now?oMajor civilization areas are being rebalancedoContacts among civilizations are intensifyingoPatterns of interaction are evolving.A.The Big Picture 1914-Present7 themes that run through the period from 1914 to the Present that make it distinct from other period include:o1. The hegemonyof Western Europe was broken by 1945 and replaced by competition between two superpowers: the U.S. and the soviet Union. This cold war world order ended in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union.o2. International organizationbecame increasingly important so that new power arrangements may be supplanting the political division of the worlds nation-states.o3. Nationalism continues to be important during this era, but takes on new patterns: fascism, decolonization, racism, genocide, and the break-up of the Soviet Union....
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course HISTORY GEA2000 taught by Professor Mr.adesina during the Spring '11 term at Broward College.
- Spring '11